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|Title:||Politics of Externalization in Reflexive Times: Reinventing Japanese Education Reform Discourses through "Finnish Success"||Contributor(s):||Takayama, Keita (author)||Publication Date:||2011||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/11027||Abstract:||With the release of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 results in late 2004, Finland became the focus of international admiration. Soon after the study's release, scholars, journalists, and government officials from around the world flocked to the small Nordic nation in search of the "secret" of its educational accomplishment ('Asahi News' 2002). While Finland enjoyed international acclaim, Japan - the former exemplar of educational excellence - was in the midst of serious soul-searching about its own educational system. The Japanese "academic achievement crisis debate" ('gakuryoku teika ronsō') erupted in the late 1990s, generating a national moral panic over declining academic performance (see Takayama 2007). The PISA 2003 results were released at the peak of this controversy, and Japan's "drop" in ranking in some areas from PISA 2000 to PISA 2003 led many observers to believe that the suspected scholastic crisis had been confirmed (see Takayama 2008c). In the aftermath of the PISA shock, Japanese journalists, scholars, and government officials followed the international trend, traveling to Finland in search of the Finnish secret (Fujita 2005). Meanwhile, various Japanese professional educational associations invited Finnish education scholars and former and incumbent ministers of education to learn from the world's best education system (Asahi News 2005b; Tanaka 2005b; Kitagawa 2008). In addition, many individuals, organizations, and publishers were quick to capitalize on the "Finnish boom".||Publication Type:||Conference Publication||Conference Name:||Annual Conference of Korean Societies of Curriculum Studies: Educational characteristics of East Asian countries and efforts to change, Seoul, South Korea, 18th November, 2011||Conference Details:||Annual Conference of Korean Societies of Curriculum Studies: Educational characteristics of East Asian countries and efforts to change, Seoul, South Korea, 18th November, 2011||Source of Publication:||Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Korean Societies of Curriculum Studies, p. 9-46||Publisher:||Korean Society for Curriculum Studies (KSCS)||Place of Publication:||Seoul, South Korea||Field of Research (FOR):||130199 Education systems not elsewhere classified||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||E1 Refereed Scholarly Conference Publication||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 192
|Appears in Collections:||Conference Publication|
School of Education
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