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Title: Bedrock Flaking in The North Kimberley in Cultural Perspective
Contributor(s): Newman, Kimberlee  (author); Moore, Mark  (supervisor)orcid ; Ross, June  (supervisor)
Conferred Date: 2018
Copyright Date: 2017
Thesis Restriction Date until: Access restricted until 2018-10-07
Open Access: No
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Abstract: Associated Rock Art Traditions are surface modifications usually found in association with rock art. They are the product of repeated mechanical actions and usually lack the figurative elements of stylistic rock art traditions. While pecked cupules, fingerfluting, abraded areas, and abaded grooves are well documented both in the archaeological and ethnographic record, flaked edges have received limited recognition as an Associated Rock Art Tradition. This thesis will examine bedrock flaking as another example of an Associated Rock Art Tradition. Research was conducted in the northwest Kimberley where linear panels of bedrock flaking are abundant in association with rock art. Seventy eight sites were recorded across six (6) research areas, containing 1719 bedrock flaking panels from which 10,178 flake scars were recorded. Sites were classified as Quarry sites - abundant flaking debris; Ritual sites - limited flaking debris and rock art; and Other - limited flaking debris and no rock art. The analysis of variables from panels and flake scar measurements showed that Quarry sites were significantly different to Ritual and Other sites, containing a high quantity of larger flake scars. Ritual and Other sites were much harder to differentiate, containing flakes of similar dimensions but of varying stone quality and scar quantity. Other sites contained limited bedrock flaking panels and were interpreted as prospecting sites, where stone was assayed. Ritual sites had high numbers of bedrock flaking panels, but with much smaller flake scars than found at Quarry sites and very limited flaking debris. It is proposed here that bedrock flaking at Ritual sites represent an Associated Rock Art Tradition rather than an economic activity. The mechanical similarities between pounding and bedrock flaking may have led to these being viewed as closely related ritualised behaviours along with rubbing, hammering and incising which have been recorded ethnographically and archaeologically as Associated Rock Art Traditions.
Publication Type: Thesis Masters Research
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 210199 Archaeology not elsewhere classified
210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeology
210102 Archaeological Science
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 450101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander archaeology
430101 Archaeological science
450102 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artefacts
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
950503 Understanding Australias Past
970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 130703 Understanding Australia's past
280113 Expanding knowledge in history, heritage and archaeology
Rights Statement: Copyright 2017 - Kimberlee Newman
Open Access Embargo: 2018-10-07
HERDC Category Description: T1 Thesis - Masters Degree by Research
Appears in Collections:School of Education
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences
Thesis Masters Research

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