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Title: New Neanderthal remains from Mani peninsula, Southern Greece: The Kalamakia Middle Paleolithic cave site
Contributor(s): Harvati, Katerina (author); Darlas, Andreas (author); Bailey, Shara E (author); Rein, Thomas R (author); El Zaatari, Sireen (author); Fiorenza, Luca  (author); Kullmer, Ottmar (author); Psathi, Eleni (author)
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.02.002
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Abstract: The Kalamakia cave, a Middle Paleolithic site on the western coast of the Mani peninsula, Greece, was excavated in 1993-2006 by an interdisciplinary team from the Ephoreia of Paleoanthropology and Speleology (Greek Ministry of Culture) and the Muéeum national d'Histoire naturelle (Paris). The site is dated to between ca. 100,000 and >39,000 years BP (Before Present) and has yielded Mousterian lithics, a rich fauna, and human remains from several layers. The latter include 10 isolated teeth, a cranial fragment and three postcranial elements. The remains represent at least eight individuals, two of them subadults, and show both carnivore and anthropogenic modifications. They can be identified as Neanderthal on the basis of diagnostic morphology on most specimens. A diet similar to that of Neanderthals from mixed habitat is suggested by our analysis of dental wear (occlusal fingerprint analysis) and microwear (occlusal texture microwear analysis), in agreement with the faunal and palynological analyses of the site. These new fossils significantly expand the Neanderthal sample known from Greece. Together with the human specimens from Lakonis and Apidima, the Kalamakia human remains add to the growing evidence of a strong Neanderthal presence in the Mani region during the Late Pleistocene.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Human Evolution, 64(6), p. 486-499
Publisher: Academic Press
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1095-8606
Field of Research (FOR): 160102 Biological (Physical) Anthropology
060899 Zoology not elsewhere classified
049999 Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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