Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/23216
Title: Recasts and output-only prompts, individual learner factors and short-term EFL learning
Contributor(s): Li, Huifang (author)
Publication Date: 5-Jun-2018
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4226/95/5b16337c2c952
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/23216
Abstract: The dataset comprises data collected from two tests (i.e. pre-test and post-test) and a survey. The two tests examined 90 university students’ performance on question and past tense forms, whereas the survey covered 60 students’ responses to the items regarding language anxiety and orientation to correction. Abstract: This study investigated the effects of recasts and output-only prompts (i.e., clarification requests, elicitations, and repetitions) on short-term EFL learning regarding three learner factors (i.e., learner level, language anxiety, and orientation to correction). Ninety Mandarin-speaking learners at a Chinese university were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups or a control group. While all the learners completed the pre-/post-tests and had their weekly English lessons as usual, only the learners in the experimental groups received feedback treatment in three extracurricular lessons. Learner level was differentiated according to the pre-test performances, and data on language anxiety and orientation to correction were collected through a questionnaire at the end of the treatment. Results show that all the learners in the recast group benefited from the treatment regardless of their trait for each learner factor, whereas the learners in the prompt group who benefited from the treatment lessons scored low in the pre-test, had a low level of language anxiety, or showed a high level of orientation to correction. These results suggest that recasts can be more advantageous for learning than prompts in certain classroom contexts, for example, the focused context the present study. Abstract: This study investigated the effects of recasts and output-only prompts (i.e., clarification requests, elicitations, and repetitions) on short-term EFL learning regarding three learner factors (i.e., learner level, language anxiety, and orientation to correction). Ninety Mandarin-speaking learners at a Chinese university were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups or a control group. While all the learners completed the pre-/post-tests and had their weekly English lessons as usual, only the learners in the experimental groups received feedback treatment in three extracurricular lessons. Learner level was differentiated according to the pre-test performances, and data on language anxiety and orientation to correction were collected through a questionnaire at the end of the treatment. Results show that all the learners in the recast group benefited from the treatment regardless of their trait for each learner factor, whereas the learners in the prompt group who benefited from the treatment lessons scored low in the pre-test, had a low level of language anxiety, or showed a high level of orientation to correction. These results suggest that recasts can be more advantageous for learning than prompts in certain classroom contexts, for example, the focused context the present study.
Publication Type: Dataset
License: CC BY-NC-ND: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivatives 3.0 AU
Keywords: Short-term EFL learning
Recasts
Output-only prompts
Language anxiety
Learner level
Orientation to correction
Fields of Research (FOR): 200303 English as a Second Language
Location: northlimit=51.598591852259; southlimit=19.281622512621; westlimit=76.948851048944; eastLimit=134.78088229895; projection=WGS84
A University in China
Format: 1 SPSS .sav file.
Access rights: Mediated
Access Rights: Mediated
Open Access Embargo: 2018-06-05
HERDC Category Description: X Dataset
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