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Title: A Cross-Lagged Model of the Development of ADHD Inattention Symptoms and Rapid Naming Speed
Contributor(s): Arnett, Anne B (author); Pennington, Bruce F (author); Willcutt, Erik (author); Dmitrieva, Julia (author); Byrne, Brian J  (author)orcid ; Samuelsson, Stefan (author); Olson, Richard K (author)
Publication Date: 2012
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s10802-012-9644-5Open Access Link
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Abstract: Although previous research has identified contemporaneous associations between cognitive deficits and symptom phenotypes in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, no studies have as yet attempted to identify direction of effect. The present study used cross-lagged path modeling to examine competing hypotheses about longitudinal associations between rapid naming speed and symptoms of inattention in children. 1,506 school-age twins from Australia and the U.S. were tested for inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and rapid naming speed at three and four time points, respectively. Symptom severity of inattention from Kindergarten to fourth grade is consistently predicted by previous rapid naming, over and above auto-regressive and correlational associations in the model. Likewise, inattention symptoms have a small but significant predictive effect on subsequent rapid naming. The findings support a reciprocal relationship between naming speed and ADHD inattentive symptoms.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(8), p. 1313-1326
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0091-0627
Field of Research (FOR): 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920209 Mental Health Services
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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