Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/27602
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dc.contributor.authorWalker, Jessieen
dc.contributor.authorGrave, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorAttenbrow, Valerieen
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-03T23:46:40Z-
dc.date.available2019-10-03T23:46:40Z-
dc.date.created2016-06-
dc.date.issued2017-04-08-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/27602en
dc.description.abstractDiffering patterns of distribution from source of local and exotic artefacts have been used to set up and modify theories and models of hunter-gatherer social/political networks. Stone hatchets are useful for testing these theories because they do not decay in time. In this research pXRF technology was used to compare 242 hatchets found in south-east South Australia with known local basalt sources, and with distant sources from Central Victoria and Mount Isa. Chemical analysis determined that the great majority of hatchets came from unknown sources of similar, distinctive, stone which, unlike the local basalts, were very low in most elements from Rb to Nb in the periodic table. This majority was similar, but not a match, to stone from Mt William in central Victoria. From their distribution and frequency, this majority of hatchets was probably used as tools, but because they were found across three language areas, I conclude that they were also desirable exchange items. There was no apparent separation of useful and exchange hatchets, a difference from hunter-gatherer models which may have been a result of limited local stone sources. My research also determined that three hatchets found in SESA originated in Mount Isa, extending the distance that Mount Isa hatchets are known to have moved from Lake Eyre/Flinders Ranges to south-east South Australia. One of these was distinctively shaped, matching a type of hatchet known to have originated in Mount Isa. Another three hatchets were determined to have originated near Mt Macedon in central Victoria. These six exotic hatchets were distributed evenly across the three language areas, showing no area with a concentration of power of acquisition. I concluded that the distribution of SESA hatchets from source indicates a strong network between the three language groups, Ngarrindjeri, Bindjali and Buandig prior to European settlement, a network which was highly interactive, evenly spread across Buandig land and the southern areas of their neighbours, and with no evidence of dominance by one group in any language area.en
dc.languageenen
dc.titleEvidence of Aboriginal Networking: non-destructive pXRF characterisation of ground-edge hatchets from south-east South Australiaen
dc.typeThesis Masters Researchen
dcterms.accessRightsUNE Greenen
dc.subject.keywordsAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeologyen
local.contributor.firstnameJessieen
local.contributor.firstnamePeteren
local.contributor.firstnameValerieen
local.subject.for2008210101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Archaeologyen
local.subject.seo2008950503 Understanding Australia's Pasten
dc.date.conferred201en
local.hos.emailhoshass@une.edu.auen
local.thesis.passedPasseden
local.thesis.degreelevelMasters researchen
local.thesis.degreenameMaster of Science – MScen
local.contributor.grantorUniversity of New Englanden
local.profile.schoolSchool of Humanitiesen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciencesen
local.profile.emailjwalke23@myune.edu.auen
local.profile.emailpgrave@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailval.attenbrow@austmus.gov.auen
local.output.categoryT1en
local.record.placeauen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.identifier.epublicationsrecordune_thesis-20160811-16079en
local.title.subtitlenon-destructive pXRF characterisation of ground-edge hatchets from south-east South Australiaen
local.access.fulltextYesen
local.contributor.lastnameWalkeren
local.contributor.lastnameGraveen
local.contributor.lastnameAttenbrowen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:pgraveen
local.profile.orcid0000-0001-5076-2386en
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.rolesupervisoren
local.profile.rolesupervisoren
local.identifier.unepublicationidune:_thesis-20160811-16079en
local.identifier.unepublicationidune:_thesis-20160811-16079en
local.RightsStatementCopyright 2016 - Jessie Walkeren
dc.identifier.academiclevelStudenten
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
local.thesis.bypublicationNoen
local.title.maintitleEvidence of Aboriginal Networkingen
local.output.categorydescriptionT1 Thesis - Masters Degree by Researchen
local.school.graduationSchool of Humanities, Arts & Social Sciencesen
local.search.authorWalker, Jessieen
local.search.supervisorGrave, Peteren
local.search.supervisorAttenbrow, Valerieen
local.open.fileurlhttps://rune.une.edu.auweb/retrieve/d0800428-20fe-4a08-8695-a855d3256209en
Appears in Collections:School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences
Thesis Masters Research
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