Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/21361
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dc.contributor.authorWaterway, Marcia Jen
dc.contributor.authorFord, K Aen
dc.contributor.authorBruederle, L Pen
dc.contributor.authorBruhl, Jeremy Jen
dc.contributor.authorChung, K-Sen
dc.contributor.authorCochrane, T Sen
dc.contributor.authorEscudero, Men
dc.contributor.authorFord, B Aen
dc.contributor.authorGebauer, Sen
dc.contributor.authorGehrke, Ben
dc.contributor.authorHahn, Men
dc.contributor.authorHipp, A Len
dc.contributor.authorLuceno, Men
dc.contributor.authorHoffmann, M Hen
dc.contributor.authorHoshino, Ten
dc.contributor.authorJimenez-Mejias, Pen
dc.contributor.authorJin, X-Fen
dc.contributor.authorJung, Jen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Sen
dc.contributor.authorMaguilla, Een
dc.contributor.authorMasaki, Ten
dc.contributor.authorMiguez, Men
dc.contributor.authorMolina, Aen
dc.contributor.authorMartin-Bravo, Sen
dc.contributor.authorNaczi, R F Cen
dc.contributor.authorReznicek, A Aen
dc.contributor.authorRothrock, P Een
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, D Aen
dc.contributor.authorSpalink, Den
dc.contributor.authorThomas, W Wen
dc.contributor.authorVillaverde, Ten
dc.contributor.authorGlobal Carex Group,en
dc.contributor.authorStarr, J Ren
dc.contributor.authorWilson, K Len
dc.contributor.authorYano, Oen
dc.contributor.authorZhang, S Ren
dc.contributor.authorRoalson, E Hen
dc.contributor.authorAlverson, W Sen
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-14T16:27:00Z
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 179(1), p. 1-42en
dc.identifier.issn1095-8339en
dc.identifier.issn0024-4074en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/21361en
dc.description.abstract'Carex' (Cyperaceae), with an estimated 2000 species, nearly cosmopolitan distribution and broad range of habitats, is one of the largest angiosperm genera and the largest in the temperate zone. In this article, we provide argument and evidence for a broader circumscription of 'Carex' to add all species currently classified in 'Cymophyllus' (monotypic), 'Kobresia' (c. 60 species), 'Schoenoxiphium' (c. 15 species) and 'Uncinia' (c. 70 species) to those currently classified as 'Carex'. 'Carex' and these genera comprise tribe Cariceae (subfamily Cyperoideae, Cyperaceae) and form a wellsupported monophyletic group in all molecular phylogenetic studies to date. 'Carex' as defined here in the broad sense currently comprises at least four clades. Three are strongly supported ('Siderostictae', core 'Vignea' and core 'Carex'), whereas the caricoid clade, which includes all the segregate genera, receives only weak to moderate support. The caricoid clade is most commonly split into two clades, one including a monophyletic Schoenoxiphium and two small clades of species of 'Carex s.s.', and the other comprising 'Kobresia', 'Uncinia' and mostly unispicate species of 'Carex s.s.' Morphological variation is high in all but the 'Vignea' clade, making it extremely difficult to define consistent synapomorphies for most clades. However, 'Carex s.l.' as newly circumscribed here is clearly differentiated from the sister groups in tribe Scirpeae by the transition from bisexual flowers with a bristle perianth in the sister group to unisexual flowers without a perianth in 'Carex'. The naked female flowers of 'Carex s.l.' are at least partially enclosed in a flask-shaped prophyll, termed a perigynium. 'Carex s.s.' is not only by far the largest genus in the group, but also the earliest published name. As a result, only 72 new combinations and 58 replacement names are required to treat all of tribe Cariceae as a single genus 'Carex'. We present the required transfers here, with synonymy, and we argue that this broader monophyletic circumscription of 'Carex' reflects the close evolutionary relationships in the group and serves the goal of nomenclatural stability better than other possible treatments.en
dc.languageenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltden
dc.relation.ispartofBotanical Journal of the Linnean Societyen
dc.titleMaking 'Carex' monophyletic (Cyperaceae, tribe Cariceae): a new broader circumscriptionen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/boj.12298en
dcterms.accessRightsGolden
dc.subject.keywordsPlant Systematics and Taxonomyen
local.contributor.firstnameMarcia Jen
local.contributor.firstnameK Aen
local.contributor.firstnameL Pen
local.contributor.firstnameJeremy Jen
local.contributor.firstnameK-Sen
local.contributor.firstnameT Sen
local.contributor.firstnameMen
local.contributor.firstnameB Aen
local.contributor.firstnameSen
local.contributor.firstnameBen
local.contributor.firstnameMen
local.contributor.firstnameA Len
local.contributor.firstnameMen
local.contributor.firstnameM Hen
local.contributor.firstnameTen
local.contributor.firstnamePen
local.contributor.firstnameX-Fen
local.contributor.firstnameJen
local.contributor.firstnameSen
local.contributor.firstnameEen
local.contributor.firstnameTen
local.contributor.firstnameMen
local.contributor.firstnameAen
local.contributor.firstnameSen
local.contributor.firstnameR F Cen
local.contributor.firstnameA Aen
local.contributor.firstnameP Een
local.contributor.firstnameD Aen
local.contributor.firstnameDen
local.contributor.firstnameW Wen
local.contributor.firstnameTen
local.subject.for2008060310 Plant Systematics and Taxonomyen
local.subject.seo2008960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scalesen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.emailmarcia.waterway@mcgill.caen
local.profile.emailjbruhl@une.edu.auen
local.output.categoryC1en
local.record.placeauen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.identifier.epublicationsrecordune-20170613-133214en
local.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen
local.format.startpage1en
local.format.endpage42en
local.peerreviewedYesen
local.identifier.volume179en
local.identifier.issue1en
local.title.subtitlea new broader circumscriptionen
local.access.fulltextYesen
local.contributor.lastnameWaterwayen
local.contributor.lastnameForden
local.contributor.lastnameBruederleen
local.contributor.lastnameBruhlen
local.contributor.lastnameChungen
local.contributor.lastnameCochraneen
local.contributor.lastnameEscuderoen
local.contributor.lastnameForden
local.contributor.lastnameGebaueren
local.contributor.lastnameGehrkeen
local.contributor.lastnameHahnen
local.contributor.lastnameHippen
local.contributor.lastnameLucenoen
local.contributor.lastnameHoffmannen
local.contributor.lastnameHoshinoen
local.contributor.lastnameJimenez-Mejiasen
local.contributor.lastnameJinen
local.contributor.lastnameJungen
local.contributor.lastnameKimen
local.contributor.lastnameMaguillaen
local.contributor.lastnameMasakien
local.contributor.lastnameMiguezen
local.contributor.lastnameMolinaen
local.contributor.lastnameMartin-Bravoen
local.contributor.lastnameNaczien
local.contributor.lastnameRezniceken
local.contributor.lastnameRothrocken
local.contributor.lastnameSimpsonen
local.contributor.lastnameSpalinken
local.contributor.lastnameThomasen
local.contributor.lastnameVillaverdeen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:jbruhlen
local.profile.orcid0000-0001-9112-4436en
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local.identifier.unepublicationidune:21554en
local.identifier.handlehttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/21361en
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
local.title.maintitleMaking 'Carex' monophyletic (Cyperaceae, tribe Cariceae)en
local.output.categorydescriptionC1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journalen
local.description.statisticsepubsVisitors: 36<br />Views: 171<br />Downloads: 1en
local.search.authorWaterway, Marcia Jen
local.search.authorFord, K Aen
local.search.authorBruederle, L Pen
local.search.authorBruhl, Jeremy Jen
local.search.authorChung, K-Sen
local.search.authorCochrane, T Sen
local.search.authorEscudero, Men
local.search.authorFord, B Aen
local.search.authorGebauer, Sen
local.search.authorGehrke, Ben
local.search.authorHahn, Men
local.search.authorHipp, A Len
local.search.authorLuceno, Men
local.search.authorHoffmann, M Hen
local.search.authorHoshino, Ten
local.search.authorJimenez-Mejias, Pen
local.search.authorJin, X-Fen
local.search.authorJung, Jen
local.search.authorKim, Sen
local.search.authorMaguilla, Een
local.search.authorMasaki, Ten
local.search.authorMiguez, Men
local.search.authorMolina, Aen
local.search.authorMartin-Bravo, Sen
local.search.authorNaczi, R F Cen
local.search.authorReznicek, A Aen
local.search.authorRothrock, P Een
local.search.authorSimpson, D Aen
local.search.authorSpalink, Den
local.search.authorThomas, W Wen
local.search.authorVillaverde, Ten
local.search.authorGlobal Carex Group,en
local.search.authorStarr, J Ren
local.search.authorWilson, K Len
local.search.authorYano, Oen
local.search.authorZhang, S Ren
local.search.authorRoalson, E Hen
local.search.authorAlverson, W Sen
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