Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/20350
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOxilia, Gregorioen
dc.contributor.authorPeresani, Marcoen
dc.contributor.authorBoscato, Paoloen
dc.contributor.authorJaouen, Klerviaen
dc.contributor.authorDogandzic, Tamaraen
dc.contributor.authorBroglio, Albertoen
dc.contributor.authorMoggi-Cecchi, Jacopoen
dc.contributor.authorFiorenza, Lucaen
dc.contributor.authorHublin, Jean-Jacquesen
dc.contributor.authorKullmer, Ottmaren
dc.contributor.authorBenazzi, Stefanoen
dc.contributor.authorRomandini, Matteoen
dc.contributor.authorMatteucci, Chiaraen
dc.contributor.authorSpiteri, Cynthianne Debonoen
dc.contributor.authorHenry, Amanda Gen
dc.contributor.authorSchulz, Dieteren
dc.contributor.authorArcher, Willen
dc.contributor.authorCrezzini, Jacopoen
dc.contributor.authorBoschin, Francescoen
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-07T12:39:00Z
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports, v.5, p. 1-10en
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/20350en
dc.description.abstractPrehistoric dental treatments were extremely rare, and the few documented cases are known from the Neolithic, when the adoption of early farming culture caused an increase of carious lesions. Here we report the earliest evidence of dental caries intervention on a Late Upper Palaeolithic modern human specimen (Villabruna) from a burial in Northern Italy. Using Scanning Electron Microscopy we show the presence of striations deriving from the manipulation of a large occlusal carious cavity of the lower right third molar. The striations have a 'V'-shaped transverse section and several parallel micro-scratches at their base, as typically displayed by cutmarks on teeth. Based on in vitro experimental replication and a complete functional reconstruction of the Villabruna dental arches, we confirm that the identified striations and the associated extensive enamel chipping on the mesial wall of the cavity were produced ante-mortem by pointed flint tools during scratching and levering activities. The Villabruna specimen is therefore the oldest known evidence of dental caries intervention, suggesting at least some knowledge of disease treatment well before the Neolithic. This study suggests that primitive forms of carious treatment in human evolution entail an adaptation of the well-known toothpicking for levering and scratching rather than drilling practices.en
dc.languageenen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reportsen
dc.titleEarliest evidence of dental caries manipulation in the Late Upper Palaeolithicen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep12150en
dcterms.accessRightsGolden
dc.subject.keywordsBiological (Physical) Anthropologyen
dc.subject.keywordsArchaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levanten
local.contributor.firstnameGregorioen
local.contributor.firstnameMarcoen
local.contributor.firstnamePaoloen
local.contributor.firstnameKlerviaen
local.contributor.firstnameTamaraen
local.contributor.firstnameAlbertoen
local.contributor.firstnameJacopoen
local.contributor.firstnameLucaen
local.contributor.firstnameJean-Jacquesen
local.contributor.firstnameOttmaren
local.contributor.firstnameStefanoen
local.contributor.firstnameMatteoen
local.contributor.firstnameChiaraen
local.contributor.firstnameCynthianne Debonoen
local.contributor.firstnameAmanda Gen
local.contributor.firstnameDieteren
local.contributor.firstnameWillen
local.contributor.firstnameJacopoen
local.contributor.firstnameFrancescoen
local.subject.for2008210105 Archaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levanten
local.subject.for2008160102 Biological (Physical) Anthropologyen
local.subject.seo2008950504 Understanding Europe's Pasten
local.subject.seo2008970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeologyen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.emaillfiorenz@une.edu.auen
local.output.categoryC1en
local.record.placeauen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.identifier.epublicationsrecordune-20170324-10063en
local.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen
local.identifier.runningnumber12150en
local.format.startpage1en
local.format.endpage10en
local.peerreviewedYesen
local.identifier.volume5en
local.access.fulltextYesen
local.contributor.lastnameOxiliaen
local.contributor.lastnamePeresanien
local.contributor.lastnameBoscatoen
local.contributor.lastnameJaouenen
local.contributor.lastnameDogandzicen
local.contributor.lastnameBroglioen
local.contributor.lastnameMoggi-Cecchien
local.contributor.lastnameFiorenzaen
local.contributor.lastnameHublinen
local.contributor.lastnameKullmeren
local.contributor.lastnameBenazzien
local.contributor.lastnameRomandinien
local.contributor.lastnameMatteuccien
local.contributor.lastnameSpiterien
local.contributor.lastnameHenryen
local.contributor.lastnameSchulzen
local.contributor.lastnameArcheren
local.contributor.lastnameCrezzinien
local.contributor.lastnameBoschinen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:lfiorenzen
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.identifier.unepublicationidune:20546en
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
local.title.maintitleEarliest evidence of dental caries manipulation in the Late Upper Palaeolithicen
local.output.categorydescriptionC1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journalen
local.description.statisticsepubsVisitors: 14<br />Views: 15<br />Downloads: 0en
local.search.authorOxilia, Gregorioen
local.search.authorPeresani, Marcoen
local.search.authorBoscato, Paoloen
local.search.authorJaouen, Klerviaen
local.search.authorDogandzic, Tamaraen
local.search.authorBroglio, Albertoen
local.search.authorMoggi-Cecchi, Jacopoen
local.search.authorFiorenza, Lucaen
local.search.authorHublin, Jean-Jacquesen
local.search.authorKullmer, Ottmaren
local.search.authorBenazzi, Stefanoen
local.search.authorRomandini, Matteoen
local.search.authorMatteucci, Chiaraen
local.search.authorSpiteri, Cynthianne Debonoen
local.search.authorHenry, Amanda Gen
local.search.authorSchulz, Dieteren
local.search.authorArcher, Willen
local.search.authorCrezzini, Jacopoen
local.search.authorBoschin, Francescoen
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
Files in This Item:
2 files
File Description SizeFormat 
Show simple item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

10
checked on Nov 30, 2018

Page view(s)

66
checked on Feb 6, 2019
Google Media

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in Research UNE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.