Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/5939
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dc.contributor.authorCacho, Oscar Joseen
dc.contributor.authorHean, Robynen
dc.contributor.authorKhasanah, Ni'matulen
dc.contributor.authorGinoga, Kirsfiantien
dc.contributor.authorWise, Russell Men
dc.contributor.authorDjaenudin, Dedenen
dc.contributor.authorLugina, Megaen
dc.contributor.authorWulan, Yulianaen
dc.contributor.authorSubarudi,en
dc.contributor.authorLusiana, Bethaen
dc.contributor.authorvan Noordwijk, Meineen
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-21T10:05:00Z
dc.date.issued2008en
dc.identifier.isbn9781921434341en
dc.identifier.isbn9781921434334en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/5939en
dc.description.abstractThis study was motivated by the possibility that markets for greenhouse gas emissions may benefit smallholders in developing countries, by compensating them for adopting agroforestry systems that capture more carbon dioxide (CO 2) from the atmosphere than traditional cropping systems. The research project (PLIA/2002/066) was based in Indonesia, but the principles identified and the techniques developed have application to other countries and, indeed, to environmental services other than carbon sequestration. Tree-based systems are a convenient way of reducing net carbon emissions by sequestering CO 2 from the atmosphere. Through the process of photosynthesis, trees absorb CO 2 which remains fixed in wood and other organic matter in forests for long periods. This is important for tropical countries such as Indonesia that have large areas of rainforest as well as deforested, degraded land. The global-warming problem creates a demand for carbon credits, and tropical countries are in a position to supply these credits while reducing problems of deforestation, land degradation and poverty. Carbon sequestration can be an attractive activity for smallholders in remote areas because the 'product' does not need to be transported and there are no quality differences between carbon molecules; they have the same effect on climate regardless of where they are emitted or absorbed. Landholders who supply carbon credits will incur different abatement costs (the costs per unit of uncertified emission reductions) and transaction costs (the costs of converting those emission reductions into a tradeable commodity). Obviously, smallholders cannot participate directly in the international carbon market, but they could participate in carbon-sequestration projects designed by intermediaries. A possible obstacle to the participation of smallholders in carbon markets is the need for monitoring, verification and enforcement of project activities, and their associated transaction costs. The analysis in this report focuses on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, but the analytical techniques can be applied to the exchange of carbon credits under other schemes, such as the Prototype Carbon Fund of the World Bank. The medium of exchange under the CDM is the Certified Emission Reduction (CER), measured in tonnes of CO 2 equivalents (CO 2 e), which takes the global-warming potential of other greenhouse gases into account to provide a standard tradeable unit for the carbon market.en
dc.languageenen
dc.publisherAustralian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesACIAR Technical Reportsen
dc.relation.isversionof1en
dc.titleEconomic potential of land-use change and forestry for carbon sequestration and poverty reductionen
dc.typeBooken
dc.subject.keywordsAgroforestryen
dc.subject.keywordsEnvironment and Resource Economicsen
local.contributor.firstnameOscar Joseen
local.contributor.firstnameRobynen
local.contributor.firstnameNi'matulen
local.contributor.firstnameKirsfiantien
local.contributor.firstnameRussell Men
local.contributor.firstnameDedenen
local.contributor.firstnameMegaen
local.contributor.firstnameYulianaen
local.subject.for2008140205 Environment and Resource Economicsen
local.subject.for2008070501 Agroforestryen
local.subject.seo2008910206 Market-Based Mechanismsen
local.subject.seo2008960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategiesen
local.identifier.epublicationsvtls086385119en
local.profile.schoolUNE Business Schoolen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.schoolEconomicsen
local.profile.emailocacho@une.edu.auen
local.output.categoryA1en
local.record.placeauen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.identifier.epublicationsrecordune-20100421-120657en
local.publisher.placeCanberra, Australiaen
local.format.pages98en
local.series.number68en
local.contributor.lastnameCachoen
local.contributor.lastnameHeanen
local.contributor.lastnameKhasanahen
local.contributor.lastnameGinogaen
local.contributor.lastnameWiseen
local.contributor.lastnameDjaenudinen
local.contributor.lastnameLuginaen
local.contributor.lastnameWulanen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:ocachoen
local.profile.orcid0000-0002-1542-4442en
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local.identifier.unepublicationidune:6083en
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
local.title.maintitleEconomic potential of land-use change and forestry for carbon sequestration and poverty reductionen
local.output.categorydescriptionA1 Authored Book - Scholarlyen
local.relation.urlhttp://trove.nla.gov.au/work/34170048en
local.relation.urlhttp://aciar.gov.au/publication/TR68en
local.description.statisticsepubsVisitors: 1407<br />Views: 1414<br />Downloads: 1en
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