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Title: The design space of stone flaking: implications for cognitive evolution
Contributor(s): Moore, Mark  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1080/00438243.2011.624778
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Abstract: Stone tools emerged at least 2.5 mya in Africa and were manufactured continuously by early 'Homo' species through the emergence of cognitively modern 'Homo sapiens'. Aspects of hominin cognitive evolution, reflected in hominin intentions, may therefore be preserved in this durable aspect of the archaeological record. Stoneworking design space is cellular in structure and two levels of hominin intentions are apparent in modifying stone: the intention to remove a single flake and the higher-order intentions reflected in the ways that flakes are combined to produce effects. Archaeologists have traditionally interpreted early hominin intentions using the higher-order skills and experiences of modern knappers as analogues, an approach that is epistemologically flawed. Further, the tightly constrained structure of design space could have led early hominins inadvertently to produce what appear to be highly-designed tools or tool attributes in the absence of an intention to do so. Controlled experimental research is necessary to provide an empirical baseline for identifying higher-order intentions in the archaeological record.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: World Archaeology, 43(4), p. 702-715
Publisher: Routledge
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1470-1375
Field of Research (FOR): 210199 Archaeology not elsewhere classified
210105 Archaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levant
210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 950501 Understanding Africas Past
950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
950504 Understanding Europes Past
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

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