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Title: What 'community' means for farmer adoption of conservation practices
Contributor(s): Marshall, Graham R  (author)
Publication Date: 2011
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Abstract: 'Community-based' natural resource governance has been sponsored by Australian governments since the 1980s as a way of strengthening farmers' self-reliance in adopting conservation practices. Our understanding of how this outcome may be achieved has mainly reflected thinking in the discipline of rural extension. Ideas from the theory of collective action reveal that adding a 'community' layer to natural resource management (NRM) governance means more for strengthening farmers' self-reliance than can be appreciated with rural extension thinking alone. These ideas highlight the complementary roles of 'vertical' trust and reciprocity between farmers and NRM governance structures in strengthening farmers' self-reliance in this domain. They demonstrate it is not enough that farmers trust NRM governance structures to support them in addressing the NRM problems they face. Farmers' self-reliance is strengthened under NRM governance only to the extent that this trust exists and they become motivated to reciprocate the support they receive (e.g. by complying proactively with conditions attached to this support). Potential advantages of community-based governance in providing such motivation are explored. Quantitative evidence from the author's research indicates that community-based governance can achieve significant success in exploiting these advantages and thereby can strengthen farmers' self-reliance in addressing the NRM challenges they face.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Changing Land Management: Adoption of New Practices by Rural Landholders, p. 107-127
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Place of Publication: Collingwood, Australia
ISBN: 9780643102279
Field of Research (FOR): 050205 Environmental Management
050209 Natural Resource Management
140205 Environment and Resource Economics
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 960705 Rural Land Policy
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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