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Title: Carbon allocation in a mixed-species plantation of 'Eucalyptus globulus' and 'Acacia mearnsii'
Contributor(s): Forrester, David I (author); Bauhus, Jurgen (author); Cowie, Annette  (author)
Publication Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.018
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Abstract: Aboveground biomass was twice as high in mixtures of 'Eucalyptus globulus' and 'Acacia mearnsii' when compared to 'E. globulus' monocultures after 11 years. This was attributed to increased nutrient availability and accelerated rates of N and P cycling in mixtures. This study examined whether the increase in aboveground biomass production was associated with an increase in total productivity (both above- and belowground), a change in C partitioning (from below to aboveground) or both. Total annual belowground C allocation (TBCA) was determined during year 11 in a mixed-species trial near Cann River, southeastern Australia. Monocultures of 'E. globulus' (100%E) and 'A. mearnsii' (100%A) and mixtures of these species (50%E:50%A) were planted in a replacement series. Using a conservation of mass approach, TBCA was estimated as soil carbon dioxide (CO₂) efflux C minus the C input from aboveground litter plus changes in the C stored in soil, roots and the forest floor litter layer. Aboveground net primary production (ANPP) was also estimated to enable comparison of ratios of above and belowground fluxes between treatments. TBCA ranged from 14.6 to 16.3 Mg C ha⁻¹ year⁻¹ and was not significantly different in 100%E, 50%E:50%A and 100%A. Higher ratios of ANPP:TBCA in the mixtures (0.41) than in either monoculture (100%A:0.28 100%E:0.31) indicated that trees in mixture partitioned a lower proportion of assimilated C belowground than those in monocultures. Since the mixture was as productive as monocultures belowground but more productive aboveground, it appears to be more productive overall and thus have the potential to increase C sequestration above that of monocultures.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Forest Ecology and Management, 233(2-3), p. 275-284
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: The Netherlands
ISSN: 1872-7042
Field of Research (FOR): 050102 Ecosystem Function
050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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