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Title: Comparing the effectiveness of education and technology in reducing wood smoke pollution: A field experiment
Contributor(s): Hine, Donald W  (author); Bhullar, Navjot  (author)orcid ; Marks, Anthony  (author); Kelly, Patricia (author); Scott, John  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.05.003
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Abstract: This study describes a field experiment assessing the effectiveness of education and technological innovation in reducing air pollution generated by domestic wood heaters. Two-hundred and twenty four households from a small regional center in Australia were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions: (1) Education only - households received a wood smoke reduction education pack containing information about the negative health impacts of wood smoke pollution, and advice about wood heater operation and firewood management; (2) SmartBurn only - households received a SmartBurn canister designed to improve combustion and help wood fires burn more efficiently, (3) Education and SmartBurn, and (4) neither Education nor SmartBurn (control). Analysis of covariance, controlling for pre-intervention household wood smoke emissions, wood moisture content, and wood heater age, revealed that education and SmartBurn were both associated with significant reduction in wood smoke emissions during the post-intervention period. Follow-up mediation analyses indicated that education reduced emissions by improving wood heater operation practices, but not by increasing health risk perceptions. As predicted, SmartBurn exerted a direct effect on emission levels, unmediated by wood heater operation practices or health risk perceptions.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31(4), p. 282-288
Publisher: Academic Press
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1522-9610
Field of Research (FOR): 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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