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Title: Clinical psychology in general practice: a cohort study
Contributor(s): Vines, RF (author); Richards, JC (author); Thomson, DM (author); Brechman-Toussaint, Margaret Lavinia (author); Kluin, M (author); Vesely, L (author)
Publication Date: 2004
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Abstract: Objective: To evaluate whether a collaborative model of mental healthcare involving general practitioners and clinical psychologists benefits patients with common mental disorders in primary care. Design and participants: Cohort study of 276 general practice patients with mental health problems receiving collaborative treatment from clinical psychologists and GPs compared with a normative sample of 198 patients attending the same general practice surgeries. Setting: Nine general practices in three regional cities (Bathurst, Armidale and Ballarat) and two single-doctor practices in two rural and remote townships (Rylstone and Trundle). Data were collected in Bathurst, Rylstone and Trundle during 2001 and 2002 and in Ballarat and Armidale in 2002. Intervention: Full assessment, case formulation and "focussed psychological interventions" relevant to the patient's condition. Main outcome measures: Level of psychological dysfunction assessed before and after the intervention, using the DASS (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales), GHQ (General Health Questionnaire) and GWBI (General Well Being Index) scales. Results: After the intervention, average scores in the treatment group decreased significantly (P < 0.001) on all DASS and GHQ measures and increased on the GWBI, indicating a positive change in the patients' mental health. The follow-up scores of the treatment and normative groups did not differ significantly on any of these measures. Conclusion: Preliminary findings suggest that collaborative care involving GPs and clinical psychologists provides significant gains in patients' mental health.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Medical Journal of Australia, 181(2), p. 74-77
Publisher: Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty Ltd
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 0025-729X
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920410 Mental Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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