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Title: ICT, Gravity And the Global Flow of Wine: A Gravity Model of the Impact of ICT on the International Trade in Wine
Contributor(s): Fleming, E (author); Mueller, Rolf A M (author); Thiemann, Franziska (author)
Publication Date: 2010
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Abstract: Globalization results when markets and industries become more integrated because of reduced transaction and transport costs. These costs have fallen over the long term because of sustained advances in transport technology and, even more dramatically, in digital information and communication technology (ICT). Improved transport and information technologies then were complemented by the modern global supply chain, an organizational innovation that leverages information and transport technology to improve the coordination of widely dispersed economic activity. Communication costs tend to be a minor component of total transaction costs in international trade, and their share in total trading costs of any one shipment is smaller yet. Nevertheless, diffusion of ICT - the 'digital grapevine' - is believed to stimulate international trade to an extent that appears to be large in proportion to the share of ICT costs in trading costs. Wine has always been traded over long distances. Global trade in wine has, however, experienced accelerated growth and change during the past quarter century. First 'New World' wines from Australia, California and New Zealand penetrated markets which 'Old World' suppliers from Europe considered as theirs, and later other new entrants to the world wine market, such as Chile, South Africa and Argentina, added to global trade in wine. Moreover, wine traders ostensibly have employed ICT and modern transport technologies, and global wine supply chains have evolved. What impact has the digital grapevine exerted on global trade in wine? Has it been commensurable with its impact on trade in other goods? We address these questions with a gravity model of trade in wine that includes the major wine trading countries and covers the period from 1995 to 2008. The model explains the value of wine trade in terms of the adoption levels of internet access and mobile phone, and we include fixed telephone for nostalgic completeness. We also control for a broad range of other factors that might also affect bilateral wine trade.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: 4th Annual Conference of the American Association of Wine Economists (AAWE), Davis, United States of America, 25th - 28th June, 2010
Source of Publication: American Association of Wine Economists Fourth Annual Conference Website
Publisher: American Association of Wine Economists
Place of Publication: Online
Field of Research (FOR): 140201 Agricultural Economics
140304 Panel Data Analysis
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
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