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Title: Blood concentrations of omega-3 in participants with juvenile bipolar disorder compared to healthy controls
Contributor(s): Clayton, EH (author); Hanstock, Tanya (author); Hirneth, SJ (author); Kable, CJ (author); Garg, ML (author); Hazell, PL (author)
Publication Date: 2008
DOI: 10.1080/00048670802549638
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Abstract: Background: A deficiency of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been reported in adults with depression and bipolar disorder (BD). Aims: To examine LCn-3PUFA status in children and adolescents with juvenile BD (JBD) compared to healthy controls and the relationship with symptoms of mania and depression. Method: Fifteen participants (9-18 yrs) with JBD and fifteen age and sex-matched controls were assessed for dietary intake and red blood cell (RBC) LCn-3PUFA. Results: RBC EPA and DHA were significantly lower in participants with JBD compared to controls, but not after controlling for LCn-3PUFA intake. RBC DHA was also negatively related to clinician ratings of depression and participant ratings of aggression. Conclusion: Lower RBC LCn-3PUFA in JBD was explained by lower intakes in the current study. Given previous evidence linking deficiencies of LCn-3PUFA to BD, a randomised placebo-controlled study examining supplementation with LCn-3PUFA as an adjunct to standard pharmacotherapy appears warranted in this participant population.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42(Supplement 3), p. A45-A45
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1440-1614
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Category Description: C4 Letter of Note
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