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Title: Oxidative stress increases SNAT1 expression and stimulates cysteine uptake in freshly isolated rat cardiomyocytes
Contributor(s): King, Nicola  (author); Lin, Hua (author); Suleiman, M-Saadeh (author)
Publication Date: 2011
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s00726-010-0664-6Open Access Link
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Abstract: Intracellular cysteine availability is an important rate-limiting factor governing glutathione synthesis in the heart. This is also dependent on the magnitude and rate of cysteine uptake into cardiomyocytes, which has been little studied. This study investigated the hypothesis that changes to cysteine transporter expression and activity during oxidative stress influence cardiomyocyte glutathione levels. The uptake of 0–3 mM l-[35S]cysteine into ventricular cardiomyocytes isolated from adult male Wistar rats was measured using oil filtration. Cysteine transporter expression was investigated by conventional and real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Glutathione levels were measured enzymatically. Oxidative stress was induced via 0–6 h incubation with 0.05 mM H2O2. Cysteine uptake was greatest in sodium-containing media and was inhibited by glutamine, 2-(methylamino)-isobutyric acid (αMeAIB), serine or alanine. The K m and V max of the αMeAIB insensitive and sensitive portions were 0.133 ± 0.01 mM and 468.11 ± 9.04 pmol/μl cell vol/min, and 0.557 ± 0.096 mM and 279.87 ± 16.06 pmol/μl cell vol/min, respectively. Cardiomyocytes expressed ASCT2, SNAT1 and SNAT2 but not ASCT1. Oxidative stress significantly enhanced cysteine uptake, which was attenuated by αMeAIB. This was accompanied by significantly enhanced SNAT1 expression, whilst SNAT2 and ASCT2 were unaffected. Incubation with cysteine significantly reduced the oxidative-stress-induced decline in cardiomyocyte glutathione as compared to cells incubated without cysteine or cells incubated with cysteine and αMeAIB. In conclusion, under control conditions SNAT transporters aid in the delivery of cysteine for cardiomyocyte GSH synthesis, whilst oxidative stress increases cardiomyocyte cysteine uptake and stimulates cardiomyocyte SNAT1 expression.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Amino Acids, 40(2), p. 517-526
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: Austria
ISSN: 0939-4451
Field of Research (FOR): 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases)
110101 Medical Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Metabolites
111601 Cell Physiology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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