Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/7627
Title: Timing of Water Application Differentially Regulates Development of 'Haemonchus contortus' and 'Trichostrongylus colubriformis'
Contributor(s): Saad, Khadijah (author); Kahn, Lewis  (author)orcid ; Walkden-Brown, Steve W  (author)orcid ; Bailey, Justin (author); Bowers, Sara Frances (author)
Publication Date: 2010
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/7627
Abstract: 'Haemonchus contortus' and 'Trichostrongylus colubriformis' are important gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in temperate areas with summer rainfall. Widespread anthelmintic resistance due to over-reliance on chemotherapy highlights the need for alternative forms of worm control which exploit knowledge of parasite ecology (Colvin et al. 2008, Bailey et al 2009). Temperature and moisture are the most important determinants of the development of 'H. contortus' and 'T. colubriformis'. Understanding of the effect of rainfall timing in relation to faecal deposition is incomplete and improved understanding will benefit worm control programs. A climate chamber experiment was conducted to determine the effect of varying the timing of water application on the development success of 'H. contortus' and 'T. colubriformis'. The experiment was a randomised 2 x 12 factorial design with 2 water application frequencies (32 mm as a single application or 16 mm as two equal applications on consecutive days), 12 water application days (days -4 to 7 relative to faecal deposition) and with 4 replicates. External to the factorial design was an unwatered control. Faeces were incubated using a diurnal temperature regime typical for January at Armidale, NSW with daily mean minimum and maximum temperatures of 11.7°C and 25.6°C respectively. Donor sheep (n=3; 6 months of age) were experimentally infected with 'H. contortus' and 'T. colubriformis' and grazed on pasture for between 28 and 35 days post infection (dpi) to ensure appropriate faecal consistency. At 35 dpi faecal worm egg count (WEC) was 5,073 eggs per g/faeces (epg) and comprised 'H. contortus' (60%) and 'T. colubriformis' (40%). Faeces from all sheep were mixed and 14 g placed on the surface of experimental containers containing a uniform mixture of steam sterilised soil and aggregate. Faeces were placed in the containers in uncompacted mounds to mimic deposition in the field. Faeces and soil (top 25 mm) were collected on day 14 to determine recovery of infective larvae (L3). ... The timing of water application was important for both 'H. contortus' and 'T. colubriformis'. Water application within 1 day of faecal deposition led to greatest L3 recovery. Extra pellet L3 was the dominant life stage for 'H. contortus' whereas intra pellet L3 was dominant for 'T. colubriformis'. Understanding of how timing of water, and hence rainfall, affects L3 development will enhance grazing management for worm control.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010
Conference Details: Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference, v.28, p. 76-76
Publisher: ASAP: Australian Society of Animal Production
Place of Publication: Online
Field of Research (FOR): 070299 Animal Production not elsewhere classified
070205 Animal Protection (Pests and Pathogens)
070708 Veterinary Parasitology
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
Other Links: http://www.asap.asn.au/asap28/proceedings28.html
http://www.asap.asn.au/asap28/files/khadijah076.pdf
Statistics to Oct 2018: Visitors: 288
Views: 475
Downloads: 0
Appears in Collections:Conference Publication

Files in This Item:
3 files
File Description SizeFormat 
Show full item record

Page view(s)

78
checked on May 2, 2019
Google Media

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in Research UNE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.