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Title: Integrated Parasite Management Reduces the Cost of Gastro-Intestinal Nematodes of Sheep on the Northern Tablelands of N.S.W.
Contributor(s): Kelly, Gareth Andrew  (author); Kahn, Lewis  (author)orcid ; Walkden-Brown, Steve W  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2010
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Abstract: Gastrointestinal nematodes (worms) cost Australian sheep producers more than any other disease (Sackett et al 2006). Combined with the threat posed from increasing prevalence of anthelmintic resistance, the need for approaches that aim to delay development of resistance and reduce the cost of worms are required. Integrated approaches to controlling worm populations have been developed for the summer rainfall region of NSW (Scrivener et al 2006) but the comparative advantage of Integrated Parasite Management to reduce the cost of worms requires further investigation. The aim of this experiment was to contemporaneously determine the cost of worm infection on farms with either integrated (IPM) or regionally 'typical' (TYP) programs for worm control. At six properties (IPM n=3, TYP n=3), two mobs (1 and 3-4 years of age) of Merino ewes (>300 animals per mob) were chosen at shearing in 2007. Within each mob, animals were randomly allocated to receive either IPM or TYP management (n=60) or 'worm-free' treatment (n=60). Worm-free treatment consisted of the oral administration of an albendazole capsule, an injection of long-acting moxidectin and an oral dose of an albendazole and levamisole combination drench. The treatments were repeated every 70-80 days. Allocations to treatment were swapped at shearing in 2008. TYP management properties did not monitor faecal worm egg counts or receive direct information or advice from project staff while IPM properties relied on the effective integration of chemical and non-chemical control methods. Recorded measurements for IPM and TYP groups are presented in Table 1 and are expressed as the difference from worm-free animals. Data were analysed using appropriate general linear models or parametric tests. ... Worm-free groups produced more wool and had greater liveweight gain than IPM and TYP. Higher mortality rates were observed with TYP management in year 1. Yearly average worm egg counts were lower on IPM compared to TYP properties for both years but were significantly reduced on TYP properties in year 2 (Year 1: 651 vs 1857 eggs per gram, Year 2: 694 vs 1345 eggs per gram). IPM properties had fewer anthelmintic treatments than TYP (3.4 vs 4.5 treatments per year) with a lesser use of persistent anthelmintics (27% vs 40% of treatments). The cost of worms on IPM and TYP properties was $4.88 (or 7% of gross margin) and $6.65 (or 12% of gross margin) respectively. Results confirm the significant cost of worms for a northern, summer rainfall region. Integrated parasite management consistently controlled worm populations as demonstrated by lower yearly average worm egg counts. These benefits will translate into significant financial and welfare advantages for IPM when compared to TYP and provides proof of concept for industry adoption of IPM. Further investigations will determine the potential of IPM to delay development of anthelmintic resistance.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Details: ASAP 2010: 28th Biennial Australian Society of Animal Production Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference, v.28, p. 73-73
Publisher: Australian Society of Animal Production (ASAP)
Place of Publication: Roseworthy, Australia
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 070203 Animal Management
070299 Animal Production not elsewhere classified
070708 Veterinary Parasitology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830310 Sheep - Meat
830311 Sheep - Wool
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
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Appears in Collections:Conference Publication

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