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|Title:||How Often Do We Need to Measure Methane Production in Ruminants to Establish Robust Phenotype?||Contributor(s):||Lines, David (author); Goopy, John Patrick (author); Nolan, John V (author)||Publication Date:||2010||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/7620||Abstract:||Increasing interest in reducing emission of the greenhouse gas methane from ruminants has lead to a need for reliable and accurate determination of the daily methane production (DMP) phenotype in ruminants. Twenty-four hour direct calorimetry is generally considered to give an accurate measurement of DMP. However, single measurements, while accurate on the day, does not account for day-to-day intra-animal variability in determination of DMP phenotype. This paper draws on the results of a large body of data (Blaxter and Clapperton, 1965) to estimate the number of measurements needed to discern real differences in the DMP phenotype with varying levels of confidence. Blaxter and Clapperton's (1965) results from 989 individual 24h CH₄ (sheep and cattle) determinations, indicated a day-to-day CV within animals of 7.2%. Using this value we calculated the number of measurements required to detect a varying degrees of difference at different confidence levels from a t-distribution. Figure 1 presents estimates of the number of measures required to detect an expected difference between individual animals at 3 levels of confidence. Increasing the number of DMP measurements will enable the detection of smaller differences in DMP between animals. ... Using a published CV of 7.2, it is clear that single measures of DMP are inadequate to characterise DMPs with a reasonable degree of confidence. We conclude that greater consideration needs to be given as to the number of measures required to adequately discern true differences in DMP phenotype.||Publication Type:||Conference Publication||Conference Name:||Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010||Conference Details:||Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010||Source of Publication:||Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference, v.28, p. 62-62||Publisher:||ASAP: Australian Society of Animal Production||Place of Publication:||Online||Field of Research (FOR):||070299 Animal Production not elsewhere classified||Socio-Economic Outcome Codes:||830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified||HERDC Category Description:||E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication||Other Links:||http://www.asap.asn.au/asap28/proceedings28.html
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