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Title: Rumen digestibility of Mulato II hybrid and rice straw for cattle feeding in Cambodia
Contributor(s): Mom, Seng (author); Serey, Mob (author); Samnang, Kong (author); Sothea, Kong (author); Chetra, Sar (author); Savage, Darryl  (author); Nolan, John V  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2010
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Abstract: In Cambodia, seasonal flooding of land each year by the Mekong river limits the availability of feed for cattle. To alleviate this feed shortage, the concept of forage banks was developed by CIAT (2003-05) and feed banks are being exploited in our current ACIAR project (AH/2003/008). 'Brachiaria' mulato II hybrid (CIAT 36087) is a promising grass for these fodder banks but its nutritive value for cattle when used as a supplement with rice straw has not been widely investigated. The aim of this study was to provide basic information on the in situ rumen digestibility of mulato II hybrid relative to rice straw and to determine the effect of the animal's diet on rumen degradability estimated by the in situ method. In situ evaluations of dried samples of rice straw and sun-dried, first-cut mulato were made using 3 fistulated steers (c. 2.5 years, 248 ± 38kg). In Expt 1, bags were placed in steers ingesting 30% fresh-cut mulato II and 70% rice straw and, in Expt 2, the steers ingested only freshly cut mulato ad libitum. In Expt 1, feed bins were emptied each morning and then filled with rice straw followed by half of the daily ration of fresh mulato; the second half was given in the evening. Both feeds were cut to 2 mm, placed in nylon bags (pore size 40 μm) and incubated (in triplicate) for 3, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 h in all three steers. All bags were removed together and washed with 9 additional bags, similarly prepared but never placed in the rumen (to give washing loss). Results for loss of OM (Y) during the incubation period (t) were fitted to a curve, Y=A+B(1-e⁻ct) where A, B, c and lag time are as described by Dhanoa et al. (1996). Rumen NH₃ was also determined (Beecher and Whitten 1970). Effective degradability of both feeds was higher (P<0.05) when steers were ingesting 100% mulato, and lag time (the period before there was net loss of OM) was shorter by 3-4 h (P<0.05), indicating that rumen digestion was markedly inferior when the diet was 70% rice straw and only 30 % mulato (Table 1). Effective degradability of OM, washing loss and rate of degradation of B were higher (P<0.05) and lag time was shorter (P<0.05) for mulato than for rice straw. The degradable OM percentage, excluding washing loss (WL) was similar for mulato and rice straw but with WL included, total potential degradability was higher (P<0.05) for mulato. Thus, the main reason that mulato hybrid exhibited a higher nutritive value than rice straw was its higher washing loss (higher level of soluble components) and its apparently more rapid colonisation by rumen microorganisms.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010
Conference Details: Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference - Livestock Production in a Changing Environment, Armidale, Australia, 11th - 15th July, 2010
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 28th Biennial Conference, v.28, p. 70-70
Publisher: ASAP: Australian Society of Animal Production
Place of Publication: Online
Field of Research (FOR): 070299 Animal Production not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
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School of Environmental and Rural Science

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