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Title: Estimates of the complete genetic covariance matrix for traits and multi-trait genetic evaluation of Australian Hereford cattle
Contributor(s): Meyer, K  (author); Johnston, D  (author); Graser, HU  (author)
Publication Date: 2004
DOI: 10.1071/AR03164
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Abstract: Estimates of covariance components among all 22 traits considered in the current multi-trait genetic evaluation of Australian Hereford cattle were obtained. Traits included 5 weight traits, 8 traits measured through live ultrasound scanning, 3 traits related to reproductive performance, and 6 carcass traits. Estimates were obtained by restricted maximum likelihood, carrying out a series of bivariate analyses. Data for each analysis were selected attempting to maximise the number of animals or animal–parent pairs that had both traits recorded. Estimates were pooled using a weighted 'iterative summing of expanded part matrices' procedure, which ensured positive semi-definite covariance matrices. Models of analyses for individual traits closely resembled those used in genetic evaluation. Results generally agreed with literature results, although estimates of genetic parameters for carcass traits that had few records available tended to fluctuate. Except for 'days to calving', heritability estimates were moderate to high for all traits. Genetic parameters for early growth were different to those for other breeds, with maternal effects for weaning weight being considerably more important and the heritability somewhat lower.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 55(2), p. 195-210
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Place of Publication: Collingwood, Victoria
ISSN: 0004-9409
Field of Research (FOR): 070201 Animal Breeding
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)
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