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Title: The effectiveness of bibliotherapy in alleviating tinnitus-related distress
Contributor(s): Malouff, John M  (author); Schutte, Nicola  (author)orcid ; Bhullar, Navjot  (author)orcid ; Noble, William G  (author)
Publication Date: 2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.07.023
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Abstract: Objective: The present study examined the efficacy of bibliotherapy in assisting individuals experiencing distress related to tinnitus. Methods: One hundred sixty-two tinnitus sufferers from Australia participated in a study designed to examine the effectiveness of a cognitive–behaviorally based self-help book in reducing distress. To maximize the ecological validity of the findings, we excluded no individuals interested in treatment for tinnitus-related distress. Results: The experimental condition lost 35% of participants at postassessment, compared to 10% in the control group. In an analysis of participants who completed postintervention assessment, those assigned to the intervention condition, who received a tinnitus self-help book, showed significantly less tinnitus-related distress and general distress 2 months later compared to those assigned to the waiting list control condition. The intervention group's reduction in tinnitus-related distress and general distress from preintervention to postintervention 2 months later was significant, and these participants maintained a significant reduction in distress on follow-up 4 months after they received the tinnitus self-help book. A long-term follow-up of all participants, who at that time had received the book at least a year previously, showed a significant reduction in tinnitus distress. Although these group differences and pre–post changes were significant, effect sizes were small. Intention-to-treat analyses showed no significant effect for between-groups analyses, but did show a significant effect for the 1-year follow-up pre–post analysis. Conclusion: Information on the effectiveness of using a self-help book, without therapist assistance, in alleviating distress is important, as bibliotherapy can provide inexpensive treatment that is not bound by time or place.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68(3), p. 245-251
Publisher: Elsevier Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1879-1360
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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