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|Title:||Within- and across-flock genetic relationships for breech flystrike resistance indicator traits||Contributor(s):||Brown, Daniel (author); Swan, Andrew (author); Gill, JS (author)||Publication Date:||2010||DOI:||10.1071/AN10102||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/7317||Abstract:||Flystrike is a major cost for the Australian sheep industry. The industry is currently implementing selection strategies for flystrike resistance to reduce the need for breech flystrike prevention. The following indicator traits are used to select for breech flystrike resistance: wool cover, skin wrinkle on the body and breech, scouring (dags) and wool colour. The aims of this study were to estimate genetic correlations between these indicator traits and production traits using the Sheep Genetics database, to distinguish between within- and across-flock genetic relationships, and to quantify responses to selection using indexes that include breech wrinkle as a proxy trait for flystrike resistance. Breech flystrike indicator traits are all heritable; however, there are significant antagonisms between wrinkle score and some production traits, primarily fleece weight and fibre diameter. Thus, simultaneous improvement in both flystrike resistance and production will be most efficient when index selection is used. Our results show that, depending on the level of emphasis placed on breech wrinkle in the index, reductions in breech wrinkle score of 0.4-0.9 units can be achieved over a 10-year period. As across-flock relationships are generally stronger than within-flock relationships, breeders will be able to take advantage of this additional variation, depending on the relative merit of their flocks. Therefore, ram breeders should combine within-flock selection with across-flock selection where possible. Sheep Genetics released early breech wrinkle Australian Sheep Breeding Values in September 2009 to assist Merino breeders in making faster progress towards reducing breech wrinkle by using flock selection.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||Animal Production Science, 50(12), p. 1060-1068||Publisher:||CSIRO Publishing||Place of Publication:||Australia||ISSN:||1836-0939||Field of Research (FOR):||070201 Animal Breeding||Socio-Economic Outcome Codes:||830311 Sheep - Wool||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 125
|Appears in Collections:||Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)|
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