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Title: Implicit cognition and depression: A meta-analysis
Contributor(s): Phillips, Wendy J  (author)orcid ; Hine, Donald W  (author)orcid ; Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.05.002
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Abstract: This study examined the relationship between negative self-referential implicit cognition and depression. A meta-analysis of 89 effect sizes from a pooled sample of 7032 produced a weighted average effect size of r = .23. Moderator analyses, using an expanded set of 202 effect sizes, indicated that effect sizes relating to all facets of cognition, study designs and sample types significantly predicted depression. Significant heterogeneity was observed in effect sizes across facets of cognition, cognitive manipulations and measurement strategies. Studies that assessed interpretation and self-beliefs, utilized mood and cognitive load manipulations, and employed the Self-Descriptiveness Judgement Task produced the largest effect sizes. The transfer-appropriate processing view of implicit memory was supported and significant biases were observed at both early and late stages of attention. Overall, results support cognitive models of depression and suggest that implicit cognition reliably predicts past, current, and future depression. Consequently, treatment efficacy may be improved by incorporating strategies that target implicit processes.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Clinical Psychology Review, 30(6), p. 691-709
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1873-7811
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920410 Mental Health
920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
920209 Mental Health Services
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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