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Title: Functional interactions of manno-oligosaccharides with dietary threonine in chicken gastrointestinal tract: I. Growth performance and mucin dynamics
Contributor(s): Chee, Seng Huan  (author); Iji, Paul  (author); Choct, Mingan  (author)orcid ; Mikkelsen, Lene Lind  (author); Kocher, Andreas (author)
Publication Date: 2010
DOI: 10.1080/00071668.2010.517251
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Abstract: 1. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the interactive effects of manno-oligosaccharides (MOS; Bio-MOS®) and dietary threonine on the growth performance in relation to intestinal mucin dynamics in broiler chickens from 1 to 21 and from 22 to 35 d of age. Two concentrations of MOS (0 or 2 g/kg for d 1 to 21; and 0 or 1 g/kg for d 22 to 35) and three concentrations of threonine (0·0, 1·0 and 1·2 of National Research Council (NRC), 1994, recommendations) were included in the experimental diets for each age group. 2. Body weight gain was significantly lower in threonine-deficient birds compared with those fed on adequate or excess threonine diets. Positive interaction between MOS and threonine supplementation on body weight gain was apparent in all phases of growth due mainly to the significantly poorer performance of birds given excess threonine in the absence of MOS. 3. The duodenal and ileal adherent mucous thickness were reduced at 14 and 28 d in threonine-deficient birds. Nevertheless, MOS significantly increase duodenal adherent mucous thickness at 14 d and ileal mucous thickness at 14 and 28 d. At 14 d, a significant MOS and threonine interaction on the jejunal adherent mucous thickness was also noted in that there was no difference between adequate and excess threonine groups in the absence of MOS, but a significant increase with excess threonine and MOS supplementation. 4. Dietary threonine greatly influenced mucin synthesis at the translational stage with no effect on jejunal MUC2 gene expression. Conversely, MOS modulated the transcriptional stage of intestinal mucin synthesis by consistently up-regulating jejunal MUC2 gene expression which was independent of dietary threonine concentration. There were no significant interactions between threonine and MOS on all the goblet cell densities. However, there was a MOS and threonine interaction on the staining intensities of jejunal sulphomucins due mainly to the significantly lower staining intensities in birds fed excess threonine in the absence of MOS. 5. The ameliorative effect of MOS on the growth-suppressive effects of excess threonine is likely to be linked to its modulating effects on the intestinal mucin dynamics.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: British Poultry Science, 51(5), p. 658-666
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Place of Publication: Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
ISSN: 0007-1668
Field of Research (FOR): 070204 Animal Nutrition
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 830309 Poultry
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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