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Title: Ovarian follicle development in Booroola sheep exhibiting impaired bone morphogenetic protein signalling pathway
Contributor(s): Ruoss, Chantelle (author); Tadros, Amanda (author); O'Shea, Timothy (author); McFarlane, James R (author)orcid ; Almahbobi, Ghanim (author)
Publication Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1530/REP-09-0190
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Abstract: The role of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in the regulation of ovarian function has been extensively investigated but the mechanism of regulation is not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mutation in the BMP receptor in Booroola sheep on the number of primordial follicles and rate of follicle recruitment in comparison with that in normal merino sheep in vivo. Whole sheep ovaries at the time of birth, 1.5 and 5 years old were collected and processed for the follicle quantification, using computerised stereological methods and statistical analyses. At birth, the total number of primordial follicles in Booroola sheep was significantly lower than in merino sheep. At 1.5 and 5 years, a reversed pattern in favour of Booroola ewes was seen with significantly more primordial follicles than merino. In parallel, the rate of primordial follicle recruitment to developing cohort was substantially lower in Booroola ewes with only 51 and 66% of primordial follicle consumption at 1.5 and 5 years respectively compared to 92 and 97% in merino ewes. On other hand, the mean numbers of developing primary follicles were smaller in Booroola sheep at the time of birth, yet, Booroola ewes possess more primary follicles than merino at 1.5 years. These findings suggest that attenuation of the intraovarian signalling pathway of BMPs may in fact be a successful means of rationalising follicle consumption, preventing unnecessary loss of follicles from the initial primordial follicle pool, hence increasing reproductive longevity and fertility.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Reproduction, 138(4), p. 689-696
Publisher: BioScientifica Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1470-1626
Field of Research (FOR): 060603 Animal Physiology - Systems
060699 Physiology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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