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Title: Antivivisectionism
Contributor(s): Fox, Michael Allen (author)
Publication Date: 2010
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Abstract: Antivivisectionism is a widely accepted label for uncompromising opposition to the use of live animals in scientific research. No area of human activity affecting members of other species is more controversial than animal experimentation, or more likely to trigger reactions from advocates of animal rights and animal welfare. Vivisection literally means the cutting up of living organisms for the purpose of study or research. Historically, this is an accurate description of the way in which experiments upon, generally, unanesthetized animals were performed. Antivivisectionism became a very strong movement in 19th century Victorian England, where increasing attention was being paid to animal pain and suffering, leading ultimately to passage of the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, the world's first law specifically regulating animal research. By comparison with earlier centuries, relatively little of today's experimentation upon animals is of a highly invasive sort. But the word vivisection has persisted in the vocabulary of protest, taken on a wider meaning over time, and now denotes all procedures of scientific research that result in the injury and/or death of animals.
Publication Type: Entry In Reference Work
Source of Publication: Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare, v.1: A-H, p. 74-77
Publisher: Greenwood Press
Place of Publication: Santa Barbara, United States of America
ISBN: 0313352585
Field of Research (FOR): 070207 Humane Animal Treatment
HERDC Category Description: N Entry In Reference Work
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