Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/6388
Title: Funding of University Research
Contributor(s): Harman, Grant (author)
Publication Date: 2010
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/6388
Abstract: Universities are key research organizations in modern societies, producing scientific and academic research that guides new research agendas, feeds into PhD training, and contributes to business innovation. Such research produces heavy demands on the time and effort of highly qualified staff and often necessitates use of highly expensive equipment, infrastructure, and materials. Consequently, the level and sources of funding are of vital importance. The main sources of funding are governments, industry partners, and private donors and sponsors. Governments today play increasingly important roles in funding, stimulating, and directing research activity in universities. In doing so, they use a variety of policy instruments, including block grants and specific purpose grants; funding for individual research groups and research centers; establishment of major research centers of excellence; investment in major infrastructure; use of economic incentives and disincentives (including subsidies, pricing structures, taxation concessions, and charges); and regulation (such as legislation relating to intellectual property). In most industrialized countries, there is increased emphasis on establishing national and institutional research priorities, encouraging university research links with industrial partners, and efforts to commercialize university research inventions and discoveries, mainly through licensing of university patents or creation of start-up companies.
Publication Type: Entry In Reference Work
Source of Publication: International Encyclopedia of Education, v.4, p. 279-285
Publisher: Elsevier
Place of Publication: Oxford, United Kingdom
ISBN: 0080448933
9780080448930
Field of Research (FOR): 130103 Higher Education
HERDC Category Description: B3 Chapter in a Revision/New Edition of a Book
Other Links: http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/37575539
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-044894-7.00878-2
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