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Title: Influence of biochars on nitrous oxide emission and nitrogen leaching from two contrasting soils
Contributor(s): Singh, Bhupinderpal  (author); Hatton, Blake J (author); Singh, Balwant (author); Cowie, Annette  (author); Kathuria, Amrit (author)
Publication Date: 2010
DOI: 10.2134/jeq2009.0138
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Abstract: The influence of biochar on nitrogen (N) transformation processes in soil is not fully understood. This study assessed the influence of four biochars (wood and poultry manure biochars synthesized at 400°C, nonactivated, and at 550°C, activated, abbreviated as: W400, PM400, W550, PM550, respectively) on nitrous oxide (N₂O) emission and N leaching from an Alfisol and a Vertisol. Repacked soil columns were subjected to three wetting–drying (W–D) cycles to achieve a range of water-filled pore space (WFPS) over a 5-mo period. During the first two W–D cycles, W400 and W550 had inconsistent effects on N₂O emissions and the soils amended with PM400 produced higher N₂O emissions relative to the control. The initially greater N₂O emission from the PM400 soils was ascribed to its higher labile intrinsic N content than the other biochars. During the third W–D cycle, all biochar treatments consistently decreased N₂O emissions, cumulatively by 14 to 73% from the Alfisol and by 23 to 52% from the Vertisol, relative to their controls. In the first leaching event, higher nitrate leaching occurred from the PM400-amended soils compared with the other treatments. In the second event, the leaching of ammonium was reduced by 55 to 93% from the W550- and PM550-Alfisol and Vertisol, and by 87 to 94% from the W400- and PM400-Vertisol only (cf. control). We propose that the increased effectiveness of biochars in reducing N₂O emissions and ammonium leaching over time was due to increased sorption capacity of biochars through oxidative reactions on the biochar surfaces with ageing.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Environmental Quality, 39(4), p. 1224-1235
Publisher: American Society of Agronomy Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1537-2537
Field of Research (FOR): 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl Carbon Sequestration Science)
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 829802 Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Plant Production
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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