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|Title:||Universal human concepts as a basis for contrastive linguistic semantics||Contributor(s):||Goddard, Cliff (author); Wierzbicka, Anna (author)||Publication Date:||2008||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/5831||Abstract:||This study sets out to demonstrate that the NSM metalanguage of semantic primes provides a stable language-neutral medium for fine-grained contrastive semantic analysis, in both the lexical and grammatical domains. The lexical examples are drawn from "yearning-missing" words in English, Polish, Russian and Spanish, while the grammatical examples contrast the Spanish diminutive with the hypocoristic "diminutive" of Australian English. We show that the technique of explication (reductive paraphrase) into semantic primes makes it possible to pin down subtle meaning differences which cannot be captured using normal translation or grammatical labels. Explications for the Polish, Russian and Spanish examples are presented both in English and in the language concerned, thus establishing that the metalanguage being used is transposable across languages.||Publication Type:||Book Chapter||Source of Publication:||Current Trends in Contrastive Linguistics: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives, p. 205-226||Publisher:||John Benjamins Publishing Company||Place of Publication:||Amsterdam, The Netherlands||ISBN:||9027215715
|Field of Research (FOR):||200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics)||Socio-Economic Outcome Codes:||970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture||HERDC Category Description:||B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book||Other Links:||http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/19512180
|Series Name:||Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics||Series Number :||60||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 188
|Appears in Collections:||Book Chapter|
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