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Title: Three Shades of Data: Australia, Philippines, Thailand
Contributor(s): Smith, Robert Brian  (author)orcid ; Perry, Mark  (author)orcid ; Smith, Nucharee Nuchkoom (author)
Publication Date: 2021-03
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Unauthorised access to data has raised concern amongst business, citizens and legislators globally. However, different jurisdictions have taken various approaches ranging from controlling access via data protection legislation to deeming liability based on the nature of the data, such as through privacy legislation. This paper is a comparative analysis of the privacy legislation of the Philippines, Thailand and Australia through their Data Privacy Act of 2012, the Personal Data Protection Act 2019, and the Privacy Act 1988, respectively. These Acts have many provisions, and Australian states also have their own acts. The Australian federal legislation is the most developed of the three and its effectiveness can be evaluated by outcomes of investigations and enforceable undertakings issued for data breaches. In all three countries, the primary data privacy legislation is also supported by privacy-related provisions under other statues. The analysis focuses on types of data protected by privacy provisions, methods for investigating breaches and imposing penalties, and whether breaches result in administrative action, civil liability or criminal offences.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, p. 76-99
Publisher: National University of Singapore Faculty of Law
Place of Publication: Singapore
ISSN: 0218-2173
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 480302 Comparative law
480301 Asian and Pacific law
480406 Law reform
480699 Private law and civil obligations not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 230405 Law reform
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Law

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