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Title: University extension programs to promote the traditional knowledge of marginalised rural communities in the ASEAN region
Contributor(s): Smith, Nucharee Nuchkoom (author); Smith, Robert Brian  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2023-09-18
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.34190/ecie.18.2.1413
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Many indigenous and marginalised communities, particularly those in tropical regions, traditionally use herbs and medicinal plants to treat various illnesses and disorders. This “traditional knowledge” requires protection. Unfortunately, the World Intellectual Property Organization members have been unable to agree on a definition. However, member states have acted in concert with other members or independently. Initially, the paper analyses the legal instruments utilised by each of the ten countries of ASEAN to protect and promote traditional knowledge. For instance, in 1999, Thailand legislated its Protection and Promotion of Traditional Thai Medicinal Intelligence Act and Plant Varieties Protection Act. The World Health Organization recognises the role of herbal medicines. Universities can play a pivotal role in working with the local communities for the common good and including the community in the rewards from any commercial production. Roles for universities require personnel with the ability to work with local communities and gain their confidence and trust. This knowledge obtained from the community will be held in high regard. Nevertheless, its pharmacology and efficacy must be tested. Universities can also play a role in every step of product development. Finally, examples of successful roles provided by universities and other research institutions are presented. Such projects require a comprehensive team of specialists with a variety of skills, such as scientists, agriculturalists, pharmacists, medical practitioners, intellectual property lawyers, and business development and marketing specialists. Finally, any research and development activities must acknowledge traditional knowledge holders.

Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Details: 18th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Porto, Portugal, 22nd - 23rd September 2023
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (2), p. 839-846
Publisher: Academic Conferences International Limited
Place of Publication: Reading, United Kingdom
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 480603 Intellectual property law
440406 Rural community development
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 230407 Legislation, civil and criminal codes
150306 Technological and organisational innovation
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: E1 Refereed Scholarly Conference Publication
Series Name: Proceedings of the European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Series Number : 18
Appears in Collections:Conference Publication
School of Law

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