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Title: Health Impact and Risk Factors Affecting South and Southeast Asian Women Following Natural Disasters: A Systematic Review
Contributor(s): Riyad Fatema, Syadani  (author); East, Leah  (author)orcid ; Islam, Md Shahidul  (author)orcid ; Usher, Kim  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2021-10-21
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182111068
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(1) Background: Following natural disasters, women have a higher prevalence of adverse physical and mental health outcomes. Given that the South and Southeast Asia regions are highly disaster prone, a review was undertaken to identify the potential health impact and key risk factors affecting women after disasters in the countries located in South and Southeast Asia regions. (2) Methods: A systematic literature search of four databases yielded 16 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidance, between July 2008 and March 2021. (3) Results: The majority of studies reported women's negative/poor mental health, identifying a significant association of socio-demographics, during disaster exposure, post-disaster, and pre-existing risk factors. The six most-cited influences on women's mental health found in the reviewed literature were being female, adult age group, having no formal education, poverty or low economic status, poor physical health/physical injuries, and death of family members. Women's health during the post-disaster period was generally reported as poor among all the countries of the South and Southeast Asia regions. (4) Conclusions: Appropriate social support and the availability of free healthcare access for women are warranted in disaster-affected areas. This review offers a valuable contribution to the knowledge of women's health complications/challenges and associated risk factors related to disasters, essential for the development of strategies to help reduce this burden in the future. Further research is required on natural disasters to identify ways to reduce women's health impacts after natural disasters, especially in the context of low-income and lower-middle-income countries.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(21), p. 1-17
Publisher: MDPI AG
Place of Publication: Switzerland
ISSN: 1660-4601
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 420606 Social determinants of health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200204 Health inequalities
200207 Social structure and health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Health
School of Psychology

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