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Title: The motivations of donor-conceived adults for seeking information about, and contact with, sperm donors
Contributor(s): Macmillan, Caitlin. M (author); Allan, Sonia  (author)orcid ; Johnstone, Melissa (author); Stokes, Mark. A (author)
Publication Date: 2021-07
Early Online Version: 2021-04-20
DOI: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2021.04.005
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Research question: How do the demographic characteristics, mental health experiences and disclosure experiences of donor-conceived adults shape motivations for seeking information about their sperm donors, contact with them, or both?

Design: Sixty-nine Australian adults who conceived through sperm donors completed an online survey. Uniquely, information and contact seeking were investigated as two distinct concepts.

Results: Participants reported a variety of demographic, mental health, disclosure and discovery experiences. Most had been motivated to seek information about their donor (88%), contact with them (71%), or both. The most commonly reported motivations for each act were for medical information, expanding their identity and curiosity. Logistic regression findings were significant for wanting medical information as a motivation for seeking donor information (P = 0.03). Endorsement of this motivation was associated with self-reported anxiety (P = 0.02) and less likely as participant age increased (P = 0.02). Motivation to contact donors for medical information was associated with self-reported anxiety (P = 0.02) and depression (P = 0.01), and more likely when the participant was raised in a household that included the recipient co-parent (P = 0.04). As years since disclosure or discovery increased, participants were less likely to report wanting medical information as a motivation (P = 0.02).

Conclusion: Overall, participants were motivated to obtain information and seek contact with sperm donors. Motivations for each were similar despite participants varying in age and reporting a range of circumstances regarding disclosure, some of which were adverse.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 43(1), p. 149-158
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1472-6491
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 480307 International humanitarian and human rights law
480412 Medical and health law
520199 Applied and developmental psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 239999 Other law, politics and community services not elsewhere classified
280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Law

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