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Title: Passion moderates the relationship between exercise identity and compulsive exercise
Contributor(s): Cosh, Suzanne M  (author)orcid ; Loi, Natasha M  (author)orcid ; McNeil, Dominic G  (author)
Publication Date: 2023
Early Online Version: 2023-04-06
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajsep.2023.03.003
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There remains limited understanding and mixed results around predictors of compulsive exercise, especially outside of eating disorder populations and settings. Research is also limited by operationalisation of compulsive exercise as a unidimensional construct, despite evidence that it is best understood and examined as multi-dimensional. Given that compulsive exercise is also observed in the general exercise population, increased understanding around predictors of compulsive exercise is needed. This study examined the relationship between dimensions of compulsive exercise (Compulsive Exercise Test) with obsessive and harmonious passion (the Passion Scale) and exercise identity (the Exercise Identity Scale) in a sample of N = 1184 Australian general exercisers. Correlation, regression and moderation analyses indicated that exercise identity was associated with all dimensions of compulsive exercise, although strength and direction of relationships varied. Harmonious passion was related to several dimensions of compulsive exercise and also moderated relationships between identity with weight-control exercise, mood improvement and lack of exercise enjoyment, whereas obsessive passion moderated the relationship between identity and lack of exercise enjoyment only. Results highlight that compulsive exercise dimensions have nuanced relationships with other variables and that examination of dimensions can increase understanding around compulsive exercise. Harmonious passion predicted more aspects of compulsive exercise than obsessive passion. Individuals with high exercise identity, and those with low harmonious passion may be more at risk of poor outcomes including compulsive exercise pathology and other related outcomes.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Asian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 3(3), p. 184-191
Publisher: KeAi Publishing Communications Ltd
Place of Publication: China
ISSN: 2667-2391
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520107 Sport and exercise psychology
520304 Health psychology
520399 Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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