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Title: Reproductive and sexual health effects of intimate partner violence: A longitudinal and intergenerational analysis
Contributor(s): Hutchinson, Marie (author); Cosh, Suzanne M  (author)orcid ; East, Leah  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2023-03
Early Online Version: 2023-01-30
DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2023.100816
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Objective: To examine the prevalence, pattern and predictors of sexual and reproductive adversity among Australian women who report intimate partner violence (IPV).

Methods: Repeat measure design employing two cohorts (born between the years of 1973–78 and 1989–95) from the National Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Logistic regression was employed to examine the effects of reported IPV exposure on sexual and reproductive outcomes. The analysis conducted throughout 2021–2022 investigated both longitudinal prevalence and outcomes, and the intergenerational differences be-tween these cohorts.

Results: IPV exposure was associated with increased odds of experiencing a range of sexual and reproductive health outcomes, including STI, endometriosis, infertility, termination and miscarriage, which increased with greater exposure to IPV. Our longitudinal results suggest a dose-dependent effect of IPV on STI outcomes. Sig-nificant intergenerational trends were also identified in the nature of IPV exposure and dependent outcomes. Sexual orientation had a significant predictive value for IPV, with women who identified as bisexual significantly more likely to report IPV (OR = 2.91, 95% CI).

Conclusion: Women who experience IPV are at significant risk of adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes. Healthcare professionals working with women who have diagnosed sexual and reproductive issues should inquire about IPV. Likewise, women who are exposed to IPV should undergo sexual and reproductive healthcare assessments, along with appropriate preventive measures, to assure sexual health. Future research should explore in greater detail the association between IPV and the sexual and reproductive outcomes among sexual minority women.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, v.35, p. 1-7
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1877-5764
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 420602 Health equity
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200201 Determinants of health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Health
School of Psychology

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