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Title: Compulsive Exercise, Exercise Identity, and Coping Styles
Contributor(s): Pike, Caitlin  (author); Taylor, Amanda M (author); Cosh, Suzanne  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2022-10
DOI: 10.1026/1612-5010/a000361
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Compulsive exercise occurs among the general exercise population and is associated with adverse mental and physical health outcomes. The current study explored compulsive exercise behavior regarding coping styles and its relationship to identity to improve our understanding of compulsive exercise among the general exercise population. A community sample of 1,209 adults (aged 18 - 89) with varied exercise levels completed an online survey. We examined the relationships between engagement and disengagement coping styles (as assessed by the Coping Strategy Inventory) and exercise identity (Exercise Identity Scale) with compulsive exercise (Compulsive Exercise Test) using correlation, regression, and moderation analyses. Emotion-focused engagement (β = .075, p < .01) and emotion-focused disengagement (β = .212, p < .001) coping styles significantly predicted compulsive exercise, as did exercise identity (β = .514, p < .001). Coping styles did not moderate the relationship between exercise identity and compulsive exercise behaviors. The results indicate that both adaptive and maladaptive emotion-based coping styles are associated with greater compulsive exercise behavior.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 29(4), p. 129-140
Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag GmbH & Co KG
Place of Publication: Germany
ISSN: 2190-6300
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520107 Sport and exercise psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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