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Title: Australian women's cervical cancer screening attendance as a function of screening barriers and facilitators
Contributor(s): Brown, Rhonda Frances  (author); Muller, Tanya Rebecca (author); Olsen, Anna (author)
Publication Date: 2019-01
Early Online Version: 2018-11-28
DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.038
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Abstract: Rationale: Cervical cancer screening registry data indicate that 43% of eligible Australian women did not screen in the latest reporting period (2014–2015). However, few prior empirical studies have examined whether the screening barriers and facilitators experienced by women can affect their screening attendance. Such informa-tion is required to inform the development of future tailored health promotion strategies.
Objective: This study examined whether the cervical cancer screening barriers and facilitators identified by women were related to their screening history, from November 2015 and January 2016. At this time, Australian women typically undertook a Pap test every two years. They were deemed overdue for screening if they have not screened in the past 27 months (i.e., overdue by more than three months).
Method: In this study, a large sample (N = 338) of women were asked about their screening history including screening status (i.e., up-to-date vs. overdue) and prior screening (i.e., never screened vs. screened), and the psychological and practical screening barriers or facilitators they had experienced.
Results: Logistic regression analysis indicated that screening status was related to a greater number of psycho-logical barriers, but not practical barriers or facilitators. In contrast, prior screening was related to more practical and psychological screening barriers and fewer practical facilitators, but not psychological facilitators. Some individual psychological screening barriers (e.g., anxiety, embarrassment), practical barriers (e.g., lack of time) and practical facilitators (e.g., low cost of test) were related to women's screening status and prior screening.
Conclusions: Results suggest that addressing practical cervical cancer screening facilitators (e.g., reminder prompts) and psychological screening barriers may help to optimize screening attendance in women who have never screened or are overdue for cervical cancer screening.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Social Science and Medicine, v.220, p. 396-402
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1873-5347
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200203 Health education and promotion
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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