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Title: A meta-analytic investigation of the impact of curiosity-enhancing interventions
Contributor(s): Schutte, Nicola S  (author)orcid ; Malouff, John M  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2023
Early Online Version: 2022-05-02
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s12144-022-03107-wOpen Access Link
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Curiosity is associated with a number of beneficial outcomes, such as greater life satisfaction, more work engagement and better academic performance. The connection between curiosity and beneficial outcomes supports the importance of examining whether it is possible to increase curiosity and to investigate what approaches may be effective in facilitating curiosity. This meta-analysis consolidated the effects of curiosity-enhancing interventions. Across 41 randomized controlled trials, with a total of 4,496 participants, interventions significantly increased curiosity. The weighted effect size was Hedges' g = 0.57 [0.44, 0.70]. These results indicated that interventions were effective across a variety of intervention principles used, with participants in various age groups, across various measures, and over different time periods. Interventions aiming to increase general curiosity showed larger effect sizes than interventions aiming to increase realm-specific curiosity. Interventions incorporating mystery or game playing had especially high effect sizes. Because higher levels of curiosity tend to be associated with various beneficial outcomes, the finding that across studies interventions are effective in increasing curiosity holds promise for future efforts to increase curiosity to bring about additional benefits.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Current Psychology, v.42, p. 20374-20384
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1046-1310
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520399 Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200407 Health status (incl. wellbeing)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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