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Title: The Impact of a Self-Efficacy Intervention on Short-Term Breast-Feeding Outcomes
Contributor(s): Nichols, Jeni (author); Schutte, Nicola  (author)orcid ; Brown, Rhonda  (author); Dennis, Cindy-Lee (author); Price, Ian  (author)
Publication Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1177/1090198107303362
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Abstract: Maternal self-efficacy for breast-feeding may contribute to success in breast-feeding. This study aimed to increase breast-feeding self-efficacy and actual breast-feeding through an intervention based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A total of 90 pregnant women participated in the study. The women who were assigned to a breast-feeding self-efficacy intervention showed significantly greater increases in breast-feeding self-efficacy than did the women in the control group. Furthermore, at 4 weeks postpartum, women in the intervention group showed a trend toward breast-feeding their infants longer and more exclusively than did those in the control group. Greater increases in breast-feeding self-efficacy were associated with a significantly higher level of breast-feeding. Replicating previous research, breast-feeding self-efficacy was significantly related to concurrent breast-feeding behavior, and high antenatal breast-feeding self-efficacy predicted a higher level of later breast-feeding in control-group women. These findings have implications for breast-feeding support programs and for the potential general utility of self-efficacy-based interventions in health education.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Health Education & Behavior, 36(2), p. 250-259
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1552-6127
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920209 Mental Health Services
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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