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|Title:||Effects of Vicarious Punishment: A Meta-Analysis||Contributor(s):||Malouff, John M (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B (author) ; Schutte, Nicola (author) ; Rooke, Sally E (author)||Publication Date:||2009||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/5047||Abstract:||Vicarious punishment involves observing a model exhibit a behavior that leads to punishment for the model. If observers then exhibit the behavior at a lower rate than do individuals in a control group, vicarious punishment occurred. The authors report the results of a meta-analysis of studies that tested for vicarious-punishment effects. Across 21 research samples and 876 participants, the viewing of a model experiencing punishment for a behavior led to a significantly lower level of the behavior by the observers, d = 0.58. Vicarious punishment occurred consistently with (a) live and filmed models, (b) severe and nonsevere punishment for the model, (c) positive punishment a!one or positive plus negative punishment, (d) various types of behavior, (e) adults and children, and (f) male and female participants. The findings have implications for the use of models in reducing undesirable behavior.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||The Journal of General Psychology, 136(3), p. 271-285||Publisher:||Heldref Publications||Place of Publication:||United States of America||ISSN:||1940-0888
|Fields of Research (FoR) 2008:||170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology||Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008:||920209 Mental Health Services||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Publisher/associated links:||http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1764478961&sid=1&Fmt=3&clientId=20804&RQT=309&VName=PQD|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Article|
School of Psychology
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