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Title: Stress, psychological distress, psychosocial factors, menopause symptoms and physical health in women
Contributor(s): Bauld, Rosie (author); Brown, Rhonda  (author)
Publication Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.12.004
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Abstract: Objectives: Relatively few studies have evaluated relationships between stress, psychological distress, psychosocial factors and menopause symptoms, and none have evaluated emotional intelligence (EI) in relation to menopause. In this study, direct and indirect relationships were evaluated between stress, psychological distress, psychosocial factors (e.g. social support, coping, EI), menopause symptom severity and physical health in middle-aged women. Methods: One hundred and sixteen women aged 45–55 years were recruited through women’s health centres and community organizations. They completed a short questionnaire asking about stress, psychological distress (i.e. anxiety, depression), EI, attitude to menopause, menopause symptoms and physical health. Results: Low emotional intelligence was found to be related to worse menopause symptoms and physical health, and these associations were partly mediated by high stress, anxiety and depression, a negative attitude to menopause and low proactive coping. Conclusions: Women with high EI appear to hold more positive attitudes to menopause and experience less severe stress, psychological distress and menopause symptoms and better physical health. These results suggest that women who expect menopause to be a negative experience or are highly stressed or distressed may be more likely to experience a more negative menopause.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Maturitas, 62(2), p. 160-165
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Place of Publication: Ireland
ISSN: 0378-5122
Field of Research (FOR): 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy)
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920114 Reproductive System and Disorders
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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