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Title: An experimental meat-free diet maintained haematological characteristics in sprint-racing sled dogs
Contributor(s): Brown, Wendy  (author)orcid ; Vanselow, Barbara A (author); Redman, Andrew J (author); Pluske, John R (author)
Publication Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1017/S0007114509389254
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Abstract: A dog's nutrient requirements can theoretically be met from a properly balanced meat-free diet; however, proof for this is lacking. Exercise places additional demands on the body, and dogs fed a meat-free diet may be at increased risk of developing sports anaemia. We hypothesised that exercising dogs would remain in good health and not develop anaemia when fed a nutritionally balanced meat-free diet. To this end, twelve sprint-racing Siberian huskies were fed either a commercial diet recommended for active dogs ('n' 6), or a meat-free diet formulated to the same nutrient specifications ('n' 6). The commercial diet contained 43% poultry meal, whereas soyabean meal and maize gluten made up 43% of the meat-free diet, as the main protein ingredients. Dogs were fed these diets as their sole nutrient intake for 16 weeks, including 10 weeks of competitive racing. Blood samples were collected at weeks 0, 3, 8 and 16, and veterinary health checks were conducted at weeks 0, 8 and 16. Haematology results for all dogs, irrespective of diet, were within normal range throughout the study and the consulting veterinarian assessed all dogs to be in excellent physical condition. No dogs in the present study developed anaemia. On the contrary, erythrocyte counts and Hb values increased significantly over time (P<0·01) in both groups of dogs. The present study is the first to demonstrate that a carefully balanced meat-free diet can maintain normal haematological values in exercising dogs.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: British Journal of Nutrition, 102(9), p. 1318-1323
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Place of Publication: Cambridge, United Kingdom
ISSN: 1475-2662
Field of Research (FOR): 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 829999 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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