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Title: A Structural Analysis of Social Disorganisation and Crime in Rural Communities in Australia
Contributor(s): Jobes, PC (author); Barclay, E  (author); Weinand, H (author); Donnermeyer, JF (author)
Publication Date: 2004
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1375/acri.37.1.114
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Abstract: This paper extends research on rural crime beyond North America by analysing associations between census measures of community structures and officially reported crime in rural New South Wales (Australia). It employs social disorganisation theory to examine variations in crime rates between different kinds of rural communities. A typology of rural communities was developed from cluster analysis of demographic, economic and social structural measures of rural local government areas (LGAs) in NSW. Six distinct types of rural communities were found to have unique crime characteristics. Structural measures were statistically associated with four types of crime. Overall, the findings support social disorganisation theory. Crime generally decreased across an urban-rural continuum, and more cohesive and integrated community structures had less crime. One highly disorganised type of small community had extremely high crime. These analyses demonstrate how specific structures of rural places are linked to rural crime.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 37(1), p. 114-140
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 0004-8658
Field of Research (FOR): 160804 Rural Sociology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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