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Title: Children, youth and families
Contributor(s): Mason, Chris (author); Carrington, Kerry (author); Johnston, Ingrid (author); Kelly, Susan (author); Penhaligon, Deidre (author)
Publication Date: 2005
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Abstract: Children and young people in Australia are growing up in an environment of rapid social and economic change. The impact this is having on their development, health and wellbeing has received growing attention over the last 5 years. Further, there is an extensive body of evidence that points to the long-term benefits that can be gained by investing in a child’s early years. Childhood, particularly early childhood, has emerged as a key priority for governments and non-government organisations. This chapter provides a contemporary profile of Australia’s children, youth and families in a context of change. It captures the dynamic and diverse nature of childhood, adolescence and family life. Section 3.2 begins with a socio-demographic overview of children and youth from the 1980s, and presents population projections to 2026. Section 3.3 describes the characteristics of Australian families over the last decade. Section 3.4 presents information on trends in adoptions. Sections 3.5 and 3.6 examine the transitions in a young person's life: from early childhood to child care, preschool, school, higher education and finally to employment. Section 3.7 considers some of the risks associated with growing up and their outcomes—abuse, victimisation and homelessness. As child neglect is regarded as one of the strongest predictors of later youth offending, this section considers juvenile offending in a welfare context. The final section, 3.8, outlines some new national data collections that are being developed to provide a better basis for future policy and planning.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Australia's Welfare 2005: The seventh biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, p. 72-145
Publisher: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Place of Publication: Canberra, Australia
ISBN: 1740245091
Field of Research (FOR): 160899 Sociology not elsewhere classified
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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