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Title: Alcohol Involvement and the Five-Factor Model of Personality: A Meta-analysis
Contributor(s): Malouff, John Michael  (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar Baldvin  (author)orcid ; Rooke, Sally Erin  (author); Schutte, Nicola  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2007
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Abstract: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantify the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and alcohol involvement and to identify moderators of the relationship. The meta-analysis included 20 studies, 119 effect sizes, and 7,886 participants. Possible moderators examined included: five-factor rating type (self vs. other); study time-frame (cross sectional vs. longitudinal); sample type (treatment vs. non-treatment); type of alcohol involvement measure used; gender of the participants; and age of the participants. The meta-analysis showed alcohol involvement was associated with low conscientiousness, low agreeableness, and high neuroticism, a personality profile that: a) fits on the low end of a superordinate personality dimension that has been called self-control; and b) makes treatment difficult. Several significant moderators of effect size were found, including the following: studies of individuals in treatment for alcohol problems showed a more negative pattern of personality traits than did other studies; crosssectional studies, but not longitudinal studies, showed a significant effect for agreeableness, perhaps suggesting that low agreeableness may have a different causal link to alcohol involvement from the other factors; mixed-sex samples tended to have lower effect sizes than single-sex samples, suggesting that mixing sexes in data analysis may obscure effects.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Drug Education, 37(3), p. 277-294
Publisher: Baywood Publishing Co Inc
Place of Publication: Amityville, NY, USA
ISSN: 0047-2379
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920410 Mental Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Other Links:,4,7;journal,8,154;linkingpublicationresults,1:300320,1
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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