Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Establishment and Early Growth of Trees in the Cicerone Project
Contributor(s): Reid, Nicholas  (author)orcid ; Hoad, J (author); Eveleigh, C (author); Gaden, C (author); Scott, James Murray  (author)
Publication Date: 2005
Handle Link:
Abstract: Due to the lack of shelter across the landscape, the Cicerone Project Board elected to plant 2% of each farmlet to commercial and environmental plantings of trees, to provide shade and shelter for livestock, increase biodiversity and contribute to short, medium and long-term farm cash flow through farm forestry diversification. 'Eucalyptus caliginosa' (timber), 'E. nitens' (timber), 'E. radiata' (essential oil) and 'Pinus radiata' (timber) were planted in four upslope plots and 'Casuarina cunninghamiana' (timber), 'E. acaciiformis' (shade, shelter and biodiversity), 'E. dalrympleana' (timber), 'E. nitens' (timber), 'E. radiata' (essential oil) and 'P. radiata' (timber) were planted in four lower lying plots. The pines and natives were planted in August and October 2003, respectively, into a well-prepared, weed-free, mounded, planting bed. After 14 months, 'P. radiata' (98% survival) and 'E. nitens' (89%) survived best in upslope plots, reaching maximum heights of 1.8 and 3.0 m and exhibiting no and little insect damage, respectively. In low-lying plots, 'E. acaciiformis' (86% survival) and 'E. dalrympleana' (80%) survived best, reaching maximum heights of 2.0 m, and exhibiting no and moderate insect damage, respectively. 'P. radiata' performed poorly in the lowest lying plot (17% survival) but otherwise survived well (85-96%). A minority of the other species survived in low-lying plots. Early frosts in March 2004 were the primary cause of tree death in the low-lying plots. 'P. radiata' and 'E. nitens' have commercial promise for timber production on Northern Tablelands farms, while 'E. acaciiformis' should be planted more widely for on-farm shade, shelter and biodiversity benefits. The establishment cost of this trial was $5,596/ha (labour and materials) due to the diligence of the ground preparation, planting and post-planting care. This reduced to $2,636/ha with the receipt of a Landcare grant. However, graziers should not be dissuaded by this establishment cost as experienced local farm foresters have found various ways to cut costs without reducing the diligence of their tree establishment.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Details: The Cicerone Farms: Under the Microscope, Armidale, Australia, 2nd May, 2005
Source of Publication: The Cicerone Farms: Under the Microscope - Proceedings of 2005 Symposium, p. 60-66
Publisher: University of New England
Place of Publication: Armidale, Australia
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 070204 Animal Nutrition
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830399 Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified
HERDC Category Description: E2 Non-Refereed Scholarly Conference Publication
Publisher/associated links:
Appears in Collections:Conference Publication

Files in This Item:
2 files
File Description SizeFormat 
Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Apr 7, 2024
Google Media

Google ScholarTM


Items in Research UNE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.