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Title: Influence of vaccine deposition site on post-vaccinal viraemia and vaccine efficacy in broiler chickens following 'in ovo' vaccination against Marek's disease
Contributor(s): Islam, Afm Fakhrul (author); Walkden-Brown, Steve William (author)orcid ; Wong, Chun Wai (author); Groves, Peter John (author); Burgess, Susan (author); Arzey, KE (author); Young, P (author)
Publication Date: 2001
DOI: 10.1080/03079450120078725
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Abstract: 'In ovo' vaccination against Marek's disease is a widely used technology in the broiler industry.A series of experiments was carried out to determine the site of vaccine deposition in the egg during automated 'in ovo' vaccination, and the effect of vaccine deposition site and dose on vaccine responses following vaccination with cell-associated herpesvirus of turkeys in commercial broiler chickens. Vaccine deposition site following automated 'in ovo' vaccination was principally influenced by the age of embryo, with egg size having a smaller effect. The frequency of vaccine deposition inside the embryo body increased as incubation progressed from day 17.5 to 19.5. In experiments using manual vaccine deposition intra-embryonically (IE) or extra-embryonically (EE) at day 18.5, EE vaccine deposition resulted in a significantly delayed development of post-vaccinal viraemia relative to both IE vaccination and subcutaneous vaccination at hatch. There were no effects of vaccine dose (2000, 4000 or 8000 plaque forming units) on the timing of post-vaccinal viraemia. The timing of post-vaccinal viraemia was found to be a good indicator of the level of protection provided by the vaccine against challenge with earlier viraemia associated with better protection. IE vaccine deposition induced significantly greater protection than EE deposition against challenge with a virulent strain of Marek's disease virus. IE deposition consistently produced a high level of protection (68 to 84%) irrespective of vaccine dose or challenge day, while EE vaccine deposition produced no or low levels of protection (0 to 27%) depending on the vaccine dose and day of challenge. The growth of challenged chickens was also affected by site of vaccine deposition, with significantly higher live weights at day 56 of age in IE compared with EE vaccinated groups. These data suggest that the site of vaccine deposition within the embryo is an important determinant of the success of 'in ovo' vaccination.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Avian Pathology, 30(5), p. 525-533
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Place of Publication: London, UK
ISSN: 0307-9457
Field of Research (FOR): 070708 Veterinary Parasitology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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