Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Labor and the Labor Movement: Southeast Asia
Contributor(s): Kaur, Amarjit  (author)
Publication Date: 2008
Handle Link:
Abstract: The history of labor in Southeast Asia is entwined with the history of migration and is best understood against the backdrop of the region’s greater integration into the global economy during two main periods. The first was the colonial period (1870-1940) and the second, after the 1970s. During the first period, six major states, namely, Burma, Indonesia, Malaya (including Singapore), Indochina, the Philippines and Thailand, emerged as a result of Western imperial activity and were transformed by massive waves of immigration, primarily from China, India and Indonesia. Labor and the labor movement prior to 1940 had its roots in empire-led globalization, state intervention and market forces, demographic patterns, and political and economic frameworks in the region. Accelerated capitalist globalization since the 1970s, the growth of the labor market, increased labor migration and the disproportionate representation of women in the non full-time workforce, are characteristic features of the second period. The two periods are linked by five main strands –globalization, demographic patterns, migratory movements, labor systems and economic change. These intersect with the strategies and capacities of states, firms and workers and integrates with gender relations and social networks. Changes in labor processes and the labor movement thus continue to be determined by the interplay between global capitalism, the types of commodities/services traded in the international economy, regional integration and the availability of labor.
Publication Type: Entry In Reference Work
Source of Publication: Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World: 1750 to the Present, v.4, p. 412-415
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Place of Publication: New York, United States of America
ISBN: 9780195176322
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 140202 Economic Development and Growth
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 950502 Understanding Asias Past
HERDC Category Description: N Entry In Reference Work
Publisher/associated links:
Appears in Collections:Entry In Reference Work

Files in This Item:
3 files
File Description SizeFormat 
Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Apr 7, 2024
Google Media

Google ScholarTM


Items in Research UNE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.